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Les appositions adnominales en français et en suédois écrits: Étude contrastive des prédications secondes détachées dans une perspective quantitative et informationnelle
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
2009 (Franska)Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This thesis investigates differences in the use of the “apposition”, in French and Swedish formal, written language. The apposition is defined as a secondary predication, detached from the rest of the sentence by, for instance, commas, and determining a noun phrase. The apposition can take on the following forms: noun phrase, prepositional phrase, adjective phrase, past and present participle phrase and the so-called absolute construction. The corpus consists of parts of 20 French and 20 Swedish texts, fiction and non-fiction, and translations into the other language.

In the first part of the analysis, the quantitative use of appositions in the two languages is studied. The results show that the apposition is considerably more frequent in the French texts than in the Swedish texts. Also, the relation between the form of the apposition and its correspondence in the other language is examined. For example, it is shown that the French NP apposition often corresponds to an apposition in Swedish, whereas the French present participle apposition rarely does so. It is also shown that when an apposition is used in the French text, the Swedish text often contains a finite clause or a structure where the commas have been omitted: a pre- or postposed modifier. These differences can partly be explained by the fact that French is a noun-oriented language, whereas Swedish is verb-oriented. There also seems to be a norm according to which commas are used more frequently in French.

In the second part of the study, the differences in the use of appositions are studied in an informational perspective. The apposition is described as a unit associated with a low degree of “communicative dynamism” in the sentence, expressing for instance explanations, descriptions or examples. The analysis demonstrates that in French, information is often hierarchically structured in different units, whereas in Swedish, this information structure is often implicit, to be worked out by the reader.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk , 2009. , s. 205
Serie
Forskningsrapporter / Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för franska och italienska: cahiers de la recherche, ISSN 1654-1294 ; 39
Nyckelord [en]
French, Swedish, contrastive linguistics, corpus linguistics, language typology, apposition, punctuation marks, translation, information structure, communicative dynamism
Nationell ämneskategori
Studier av enskilda språk
Forskningsämne
franska
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8581ISBN: 978-91-85059-41-6 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-8581DiVA, id: diva2:200538
Disputation
2009-04-03, hörsal 5, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10, Stockholm, 13:00
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2009-03-12 Skapad: 2009-02-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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