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On the Penning trap coherent states
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, ISSN 1751-8113, Vol. 42, nr 27, s. 275305-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Recently, a class of coherent states of a particle in a Penning trap was derived byFernandez and Velazquez (J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 42 (2009) 085304).By means of the Wigner function and density matrix associated with these states,we show that they are fully consistent with Morikawa's definition of the decoherence degree and hence they provide apossibility to directly access the decoherence process in a Penning trap.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2009. Vol. 42, nr 27, s. 275305-
Nationell ämneskategori
Atom- och molekylfysik och optik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-29770DOI: 10.1088/1751-8113/42/27/275305ISI: 000267137300018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-29770DiVA, id: diva2:235129
Tillgänglig från: 2009-09-14 Skapad: 2009-09-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2011-05-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Resonances, dissipation and decoherence in exotic and artificial atoms
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Resonances, dissipation and decoherence in exotic and artificial atoms
2010 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

There are several reasons why exotic and artificial atoms attract the interest of different scientific communities.In exotic atoms, matter and antimatter can coexist for surprisingly long times. Thus, they present a unique natural laboratory for high precision antimatter studies. In artificial atoms, electrons can be confined in an externally controlled way. This aspect is crucial, as it opens new possibilities for high precision measurements and also makes artificial atoms promising potential candidates for qubits, i.e. the essential bricks for quantum computation.The first part of the thesis presents theoretical studies of resonant states in antiprotonic atoms and spherical two-electron quantum dots, where well established techniques, frequently used for conventional atomic systems, can be applied after moderate modifications. In the framework of Markovian master equations, it is then demonstrated that systems containing resonant states can be approached as open systems in which the resonance width determines the environmental coupling. The second part of the thesis focuses on possible quantum computational aspects of two kinds of artificial atoms, quantum dots and Penning traps. Environmentally induced decoherence, the main obstacle for a practical realization of a quantum computer based on these devices, is studied within a simple phenomenological model. As a result, the dependence of the decoherence timescales on the temperature of the heat bath and environmental scattering rates is obtained.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Department of Physics, Stockholm University, 2010. s. 86
Nyckelord
quantum dissipation, quantum decoherence, open quantum systems, resonances
Forskningsämne
fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38153 (URN)978-91-7447-027-7 (ISBN)
Disputation
2010-05-26, sal FR4, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullbacken 21, Stockholm, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2010-05-04 Skapad: 2010-03-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-04-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Genkin, MichaelLindroth, Eva
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