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Confronting Feedbacks of Degraded Marine Ecosystems
Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Baltic Nest Institute.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3608-2426
Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Baltic Nest Institute.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6991-7680
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Systemekologiska institutionen.
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2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Ecosystems (New York. Print), ISSN 1432-9840, E-ISSN 1435-0629, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 695-710Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In many coastal areas, marine ecosystems have shifted into contrasting states having reduced ecosystem services (hereafter called degraded). Such degraded ecosystems may be slow to revert to their original state due to new ecological feedbacks that reinforce the degraded state. A better understanding of the way human actions influence the strength and direction of feedbacks, how different feedbacks could interact, and at what scales they operate, may be necessary in some cases for successful management of marine ecosystems. Here we synthesize interactions of critical feedbacks of the degraded states from six globally distinct biomes: coral reefs, kelp forests, seagrass beds, shallow soft sediments, oyster reefs, and coastal pelagic food webs. We explore to what extent current management captures these feedbacks and propose strategies for how and when (that is, windows of opportunity) to influence feedbacks in ways to break the resilience of the degraded ecosystem states. We conclude by proposing some challenges for future research that could improve our understanding of these issues and emphasize that management of degraded marine states will require a broad social-ecological approach to succeed.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2012. Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 695-710
Nyckelord [en]
alternative states, degradation, feedbacks, management, marine ecosystems, regime shift, resilience, restoration
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap Ekologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-80623DOI: 10.1007/s10021-012-9530-6ISI: 000306952400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-80623DiVA, id: diva2:556491
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AuthorCount:10;

Tillgänglig från: 2012-09-25 Skapad: 2012-09-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-26Bibliografiskt granskad

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Av författaren/redaktören
Nyström, MagnusBlenckner, Thorstende la Torre-Castro, MaricelaEklöf, Johan S.Österblom, HenrikThyresson, Matilda
Av organisationen
Baltic Nest InstituteSystemekologiska institutionen
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Ecosystems (New York. Print)
MiljövetenskapEkologi

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