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Gravar i Gränslandet: En osteoarkeologisk jämförelse mellan gravfält från yngre järnåldern i Västmanland
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Osteoarkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
2014 (Svenska)Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

Köping is a small town in Västmanland, which is situated in the westernmost part of Lake Mälaren and in the southeast of Bergslagen. Köping was established and received its rights as a town in 1474. However, archaeological findings show that Köping was a settlement in late prehistoric and early historic periods and continued to be an important place up until recent times. Due to the location Köping was a marketplace with connections and good fairways from all directions and most of all by Lake Mälaren. Ancient monuments and remains indicate that Köping were well established in the early Iron Age and mainly in the Vendel era in 550-800 A.D, which is the era in focus here. Even though there are many archaeological remains in and around Köping very little research has been done. There have been several excavations but there have been few further studies and close to no osteological analyzes. This paper will deal with four burial grounds which all were mostly excavated in the first half of the 20th century, and are briefly reported. The burial sites are all located in Köping with at the most 5 km from each other, and were all used during the Vendel era. Two of the sites, Jämmertuna and Kramsta, mainly have stone-settings with cremated bones. One of the sites is located next to a great tumulus called Ströbohög, and consists of smaller mounds and stone-settings. All with cremated bones. The last one is a burial site that is called Norsa which consists of both stone-settings with cremated bones and also burials containing boatgraves and chamber tombs. All of these burial customs are common in Mälardalen during this time. What is interesting is the location, inhumation of the cemeteries and also that they have not been used for a long period of time. A comparative study is presented of a similar but larger site in Tuna in Badelunda, Västerås, which is located about 40 km from Köping. This will be an osteoarchaeological study with the purpose to understand this character of the area during this time as the westernmost part of Lake Mälaren and as a part of Bergslagen. There seems to be a difference regarding the customs and who are represented in the burial ground even though they are from the same time and place, therefore there will also be a comparison between the different sites regarding the human remains and burial customs. The difference is seen mainly in the individuals, regarding both the male and female presence and also regarding the animals represented in the different graves. This may be connected to a borderland phenomenon were different traditions and customs were mixed and assimilated. This study contributes with more knowledge of the time and place, both within the town and to Mälardalen/Bergslagen in general. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2014. , s. 81
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-130210OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-130210DiVA, id: diva2:927018
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2016-12-13 Skapad: 2016-05-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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