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Towards a framework for human judgements of quantitative information: the numerical judgement process, NJP model
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Cognitive psychology. Decision Research, USA.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, E-ISSN 2044-592X, Vol. 28, no 7, p. 884-898Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This contribution presents a review and a theoretical process framework for human intuitive numerical judgments based on numerical information, The NJP model. The model is descriptive and includes one or several of the following stages, each consisting of information processing and solution strategies (1) problem readings (2) recognitions, (3) associations, (4) similarity assessments, (5) problem interpretations, (6) computations, (7) marker nominations, (8) start value selections and (9) adjustments. three main types of strategies are used separately, in sequence or simultaneously with others in and across stages: (i) Associative strategies, e.g., an answer is retrieved immediately, (ii) Computational strategies, different algorithms are applied to the information and (iii) Analogue strategies, visual analogue representations, e.g., anchoring and adjustment. The paper concludes that a generic model of intuitive judgments will inspire further studies of the psychological processes activated when a judge makes an intuitive numerical judgment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 28, no 7, p. 884-898
Keywords [en]
numerical judgment, cognitive processes, analogue processes, anchoring, adjustment
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-135693DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2016.1188822ISI: 000386705200010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-135693DiVA, id: diva2:1047806
Available from: 2016-11-18 Created: 2016-11-18 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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