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Contact, variation and change in Angolan Portuguese: the case of existential constructions in Cabinda
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8840-076X
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5786-290X
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4223-6084
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Bulletin of Hispanic studies (Liverpool. 2002), ISSN 1475-3839, E-ISSN 1478-3398, Vol. 97, nr 1, s. 81-103Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The present paper deals with contact-induced change in existential constructions in the variety of Portuguese spoken in Cabinda, Angola. Portuguese is the official language of Angola, and the officially adopted norm is European Standard Portuguese. The focus of the analysis is on the use of the possessive verb ter ‘to have’ in existential constructions, rather than the existential haver ‘to exist’, which is the standard form in Portugal. The analysis is based on data from 40 interviews with 20 male and 20 female high school Cabinda students between 18 and 30 years of age. The aim is to investigate the role of language contact in the emergence of existential sentences with ter, as well as to verify if the use of ter in existential constructions in Cabinda has the same linguistic constraints as in Brazilian Portuguese. The paper also analyzes social factors related to multilingualism in order to discuss how social and linguistic constraints interact in shaping new varieties, such as Cabinda Portuguese. The conclusion is that the use of ter sentences as existentials in Cabinda Portuguese may be an effect resulting from the confluence of two linguistic factors: (i) changes linked with the pro-drop parameter in Portuguese emerging in Angola, and (ii) the transference of a grammatical property from Bantu languages to Portuguese, specifically, the morphological identity of possessive and existential verbs. Moreover, the only registered social influence over the presence of existential ter constructions is the level of use of Bantu languages, a finding that does not rule out that these constructions may initially have been triggered by more general acquisition effects.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2020. Vol. 97, nr 1, s. 81-103
Nyckelord [en]
Portuguese, Angola, variation, existential constructions, ter, haver
Nyckelord [pt]
Português, Angola, variação, construções existenciais, ter, haver
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik Studier av enskilda språk
Forskningsämne
lingvistik; romanska språk; portugisiska
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-143181DOI: 10.3828/bhs.2020.5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-143181DiVA, id: diva2:1096138
Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-17 Skapad: 2017-05-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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Av författaren/redaktören
Jon-And, AnnaOrnelas de Avelar, JuanitoÁlvarez López, Laura
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Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskningRomanska och klassiska institutionen
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Bulletin of Hispanic studies (Liverpool. 2002)
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistikStudier av enskilda språk

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