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Gender Quotas and the Crisis of the Mediocre Man: Theory and Evidence from Sweden
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi. Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada.
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI). Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Sweden; Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS), Sweden.
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, E-ISSN 1944-7981, Vol. 107, nr 8, s. 2204-2242Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

We develop a model where party leaders choose the competence of politicians on the ballot to trade off electoral success against their own survival. The predicted correlation between the competence of party leaders and followers is strongly supported in Swedish data. We use a novel approach, based on register data for the earnings of the whole population, to measure the competence of all politicians in 7 parties, 290 municipalities, and 10 elections (for the period 1982-2014). We ask how competence was affected by a zipper quota, requiring local parties to alternate men and women on the ballot, implemented by the Social Democratic Party in 1993. Far from being at odds with meritocracy, this quota raised the competence of male politicians where it raised female representation the most. We argue that resignation of mediocre male leaders was a key driver of this effect.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. Vol. 107, nr 8, s. 2204-2242
Emneord [en]
Economics of Gender, Non-labor Discrimination
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-145564DOI: 10.1257/aer.20160080ISI: 000407470300003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-145564DiVA, id: diva2:1130370
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-08-09 Laget: 2017-08-09 Sist oppdatert: 2017-09-18bibliografisk kontrollert

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