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Smoking habits – Associations with personality/behavior, platelet monoamine oxidase activity and plasma thyroid hormone levels
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS). Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Biologisk psykologi. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 118, s. 71-76Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective was to outline results from our scientific studies on the associations among childhood behavior, adult personality, and biochemical factors in smoking habits. The studies consisted of: (1) follow-up of young criminals and controls, subdivided into risk for antisocial behavior groups, based on childhood rating levels of a projective test; and adult smoking habit groups; and (2) a large group of young adults examined on the same inventories. Personality in terms of KSP and EPQ-I scale scores, controlled for intelligence, indicated that the high and very high risk groups displayed significantly higher self-rated impulsiveness, anxiety, and nonconformity, as compared to the low risk group. Further, the very high risk group subjects, found to be overrepresented among subjects with heavy smoking habits, displayed lower mean platelet MAO-B activity and higher thyroid hormone levels than the low risk group. Thus, the higher the childhood risk for antisocial behavior, the clearer the adult personality pattern making subjects more disposed for smoking appeared; and the higher smoking habits, the stronger the relationships with biochemical measures. Results are discussed in terms of possible underlying mechanisms influencing personality and smoking habits.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 118, s. 71-76
Emneord [en]
personality, behavior, platelet MAO-B activity, plasma thyroid hormones, cigarette smoking
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-146642DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.05.022ISI: 000408784700013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-146642DiVA, id: diva2:1138109
Merknad

This research was made possible by access to data from the longitudinal research program ‘Young Lawbreakers as Adults’, initiated by the Swedish Ministry of Justice in 1956. Responsible for the planning, implementation and financing of the collection of data were Professor S. Ahnsjö and Associate Professor K. Humble. The research was supported by grants from the Swedish Medical Research Council (4145), the Swedish Council for Planning and Coordination of Research (Dnr 941143:2-3; 19/91; 39/90; 205/89; 205/89), the National Council for Crime Prevention (Dnr 1093309; 120/92), the National Institute of Public Health (Dnr 23-97-122), the Swedish Council for Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences (Dnr F0495/97-99), the Swedish Prison and Probation Service (Dnr 09-01-51), the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs, Sweden (Dnr S2001/7781/FH), and the Mobilizing against Drugs Committee, Sweden (Dnr 20/2003:9). Special thanks are forwarded to Prof V. DeMarinis for editing work.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-04 Laget: 2017-09-04 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-18bibliografisk kontrollert

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