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Evidence for light-by-light scattering in heavy-ion collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
Vise andre og tillknytning
Rekke forfattare: 28342017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Nature Physics, ISSN 1745-2473, E-ISSN 1745-2481, Vol. 13, nr 9, s. 852-858Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Light-by-light scattering (gamma gamma -> gamma gamma) is a quantum-mechanical process that is forbidden in the classical theory of electrodynamics. This reaction is accessible at the Large Hadron Collider thanks to the large electromagnetic field strengths generated by ultra-relativistic colliding lead ions. Using 480 mu b(-1) of lead-lead collision data recorded at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02 TeV by the ATLAS detector, here we report evidence for light-by-light scattering. A total of 13 candidate events were observed with an expected background of 2.6 +/- 0.7 events. After background subtraction and analysis corrections, the fiducial cross-section of the process Pb + Pb (gamma gamma) -> Pb-(center dot) + Pb-(center dot) gamma gamma, for photon transverse energy E-T > 3 GeV, photon absolute pseudorapidity vertical bar eta vertical bar < 2.4, diphoton invariant mass greater than 6 GeV, diphoton transverse momentum lower than 2 GeV and diphoton acoplanarity below 0.01, is measured to be 70 +/- 24 (stat.) +/- 17 (syst.) nb, which is in agreement with the standard model predictions.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. Vol. 13, nr 9, s. 852-858
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-147887DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS4208ISI: 000409235100017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-147887DiVA, id: diva2:1151303
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-10-23 Laget: 2017-10-23 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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Abulaiti, YimingÅkerstedt, HenrikBendtz, KatarinaBertoli, GabrieleBessidskaia Bylund, OlgaBohm, ChristianCarney, Rebecca M. D.Clément, ChristopheCribbs, Wayne A.Gellerstedt, KarlHellman, StenJon-And, KerstinLundberg, OlofMilstead, David A.Moa, TorbjörnMolander, SimonPöttgen, RuthRossetti, ValerioShaikh, Nabila W.Shcherbakova, AnnaSilverstein, Samuel B.Sjölin, JörgenStrandberg, SaraUghetto, MichaëlValdes Santurio, EduardoWallängen, Veronica
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