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Internet-based vs. face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy for psychiatric and somatic disorders: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2017 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

During the last two decades, Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) has been tested in hundreds of randomized controlled trials, often with promising results. However, the control groups were often waitlist, care-as-usual or attention control. Hence, little is known about the relative efficacy of ICBT as compared to face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). In the present systematic review and meta-analysis, which included 1418 participants, guided ICBT for psychiatric and somatic conditions were directly compared to face-to-face CBT within the same trial. Out of the 2078 articles screened, a total of 20 studies met all inclusion criteria. These included three studies on social anxiety disorder, three on panic disorder, four on depression, two on body dissatisfaction, two on insomnia, two on tinnitus, one on male sexual dysfunction, one on spider phobia, one on snake phobia, and one on fibromyalgia. Half of the face-to-face CBT treatments were administered in an individual format, and the other half were administered in a group format. Results showed a pooled effect size at post-treatment of Hedges g = 0.05 (95% CI, -0.09 to 0.20), indicating that ICBT and face-to-face treatment produced equivalent overall effects. Study quality did not affect outcomes. While the overall results indicate equivalence, there have been few studies of the individual psychiatric and somatic conditions so far, and for the majority, guided ICBT has not been compared against face-to-face treatment. Thus, more research, preferably with larger sample sizes, is needed to establish the general equivalence of the two treatment formats.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. s. 16-17
Emneord [en]
CBT, internet-based, face-to-face, systematic review, meta-analysis
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-149183OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-149183DiVA, id: diva2:1158597
Konferanse
9th Swedish Congress on internet interventions (SWEsrii), Linköping, Sweden, November 3, 2017
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-20 Laget: 2017-11-20 Sist oppdatert: 2018-04-26bibliografisk kontrollert

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