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Towards a trait-based ecology of wetland vegetation
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och botanik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1215-2648
Vise andre og tillknytning
Rekke forfattare: 62017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Ecology, ISSN 0022-0477, E-ISSN 1365-2745, Vol. 105, nr 6, s. 1623-1635Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

1. Functional traits mechanistically capture plant responses to environmental gradients as well as plant effects on ecosystem functioning. Yet most trait-based theory stems from terrestrial systems and extension to other habitats can provide new insights. 2. Wetlands differ from terrestrial systems in conditions (e.g. soil water saturation, anoxia, pH extremes), plant adaptations (e.g. aerenchyma, clonality, ubiquity of bryophytes) and important processes (e.g. denitrification, peat accumulation, methane emission). Wetland plant adaptations and trait (co-)variation can be situated along major plant trait trade-off axes (e.g. the resource economics spectrum), but soil saturation represents a complex stress gradient beyond a simple extension of commonly studied water availability gradients. 3. Traits that affect ecosystem functioning overlap with patterns in terrestrial systems. But wetland-specific traits that mediate plant effects on soil redox conditions, microbial communities and on water flow, as well as trait spectra of mosses, vary among wetland types. 4. Synthesis. With increasing availability of quantitative plant traits a trait-based ecology of wetlands is emerging, with the potential to advance process-based understanding and prediction. We provide an interactive cause-and-effect framework that may guide research efforts to disentangle the multiple interacting processes involved in scaling from environmental conditions to ecosystem functioning via plant communities.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. Vol. 105, nr 6, s. 1623-1635
Emneord [en]
bryophytes, carbon sequestration, hydrological regulation, methane emission, nutrient retention, peatlands, plant economics spectrum, plant functional traits, trade-offs
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-148960DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12734ISI: 000413341700016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-148960DiVA, id: diva2:1163825
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-12-08 Laget: 2017-12-08 Sist oppdatert: 2019-12-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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