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A Chemical View on X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy: the ESCA Molecule and Surface-to-Bulk XPS Shifts
Vise andre og tillknytning
Rekke forfattare: 62018 (engelsk)Inngår i: ChemPhysChem, ISSN 1439-4235, E-ISSN 1439-7641, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 169-174Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper we remind the reader of a simple, intuitive picture of chemical shifts in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) as the difference in chemical bonding between the probed atom and its neighbor to the right in the periodic table, the so called Z + 1 approximation. We use the classical ESCA molecule, ethyl trifluoroacetate, and 4d-transition metals to explicitly demonstrate agreement between core-level shifts computed as differences between final core-hole states and the approach where each core-ionized atom is replaced by a Z + 1 atom. In this final state, or total energy picture, the XPS shift arises due to the more or less unfavorable chemical bonding of the effective nitrogen in the carbon geometry for the ESCA molecule. Surface core level shifts in metals are determined by whether the Z + 1 atom as an alloy segregates to the surface or is more soluble in the bulk. As further illustration of this more chemical picture, we compare the geometry of C 1s and O 1s core-ionized CO with that of, respectively, NO+ and CF+. The scope is not to propose a new method to compute XPS shifts but rather to stress the validity of this simple interpretation.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2018. Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 169-174
Emneord [en]
chemical shift, density functional theory calculations, photoelectron spectroscopy, transition metals, Z+1 approximation
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-152721DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201701135ISI: 000422791500002PubMedID: 29206333OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-152721DiVA, id: diva2:1185609
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-02-26 Laget: 2018-02-26 Sist oppdatert: 2018-02-26bibliografisk kontrollert

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Grönbeck, HenrikPettersson, Lars G. M.
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