Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The Consumption of New Psychoactive Substances and Methamphetamine Analysis of Data From 6 German Federal States
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD). IFT Institute for Therapy Research, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7282-0217
Show others and affiliations
Number of Authors: 52018 (English)In: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, E-ISSN 1866-0452, Vol. 115, no 4, p. 49-55Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The abuse of new psychoactive substances (NPS) and methamphet amine has severe adverse effects. Here we provide the first report of regional patterns in NPS and methamphetamine consumption in Germany, on the basis of epidemiologic data from six federal states (Bavaria, Hamburg, Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia, Saxony, and Thuringia).

Methods: Data were derived from the 2015 Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse (Epidemiologischer Suchtsurvey) and supplemented with additional cases from the federal states that were studied. The numbers of persons included in the representative samples of persons aged 18 to 64 in each state were 1916 (Bavaria), 1125 (Hamburg), 1151 (Hesse), 2008 (North Rhine-Westphalia), 1897 (Saxony), and 1543 (Thuringia). Potential risk factors for the lifetime prevalence of consumption were studied by logistic regression.

Results: The lifetime prevalence of methamphetamine consumption in the individual states ranged from 0.3% (North Rhine-Westphalia) to 2.0% (Saxony). Thuringia and Saxony displayed values that were significantly higher than average. For NPS, the figures ranged from 2.2% (Bavaria) to 3.9% (Hamburg), but multivariate analysis revealed no statistically significant differences between the states. Higher age and higher educational level were associated with lower consumption of NPS and methamphetamine, while smoking and cannabis use were each associated with higher consumption.

Conclusion: NPS consumption is equally widespread in all of the federal states studied. Methamphetamine is rarely consumed; its consumption appears to be higher in Saxony and Thuringia. The risk factor analysis reported here should be interpreted cautiously in view of the low case numbers with respect to consumption.

Abstract [de]

Konsum von neuen psychoaktiven Substanzen und Methamphetamin

Hintergrund: Der Missbrauch neuer psychoaktiver Substanzen (NPS) sowie von Methamphetamin hat erhebliche negative Folgen. Erstmals werden anhand epidemiologischer Daten von 6 Bundesländern (Bayern, Hamburg, Hessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Sachsen, Thüringen) regionale Muster im Konsum von NPS und Methamphetamin in Deutschland beschrieben.

Methode: Die Datenbasis bildete der Epidemiologische Suchtsurvey 2015, der in den untersuchten Bundesländern um zusätzliche Fallzahlen erweitert wurde. Die für die 18- bis 64-jährige Wohnbevölkerung repräsentativen Stichproben lagen bei n = 1 916 (Bayern), n = 1 125 (Hamburg), n = 1 151 (Hessen), n = 2 008 (Nordrhein-Westfalen), n = 1 897 (Sachsen) und n = 1 543 (Thüringen). Mögliche Risikofaktoren für die Lebenszeitprävalenzen des Konsums wurden anhand logistischer Regressionen untersucht.

Ergebnisse: Die Lebenszeitprävalenz des Konsums von Methamphetamin schwankte zwischen 0,3 % (Nordrhein-Westfalen) und 2,0 % (Sachsen). Thüringen und Sachsen wiesen im Vergleich zum Durchschnitt signifikant erhöhte Werte auf. Für NPS fanden sich Zahlen zwischen 2,2 % (Bayern) und 3,9 % (Hamburg), wobei die multivariate Analyse keine statistisch signifikanten Unterschiede zwischen den Bundesländern zeigte. Höheres Alter und höherer Bildungsstand waren mit einem verringerten Konsumrisiko für NPS und Methamphetamin verbunden, Tabak- und Cannabiskonsum jeweils mit einem erhöhten Konsumrisiko.

Schlussfolgerung: Der Konsum von NPS ist über die Bundesländer hinweg gleich stark verbreitet. Methamphetamin wird selten konsumiert, wobei der Konsum in Sachsen und Thüringen vergleichsweise höher zu sein scheint. Die Analyse der Risikofaktoren muss aufgrund teils geringer Fallzahlen bezüglich des Konsums vorsichtig interpretiert werden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 115, no 4, p. 49-55
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-154659DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.2018.0049ISI: 000426987800002PubMedID: 29467073OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-154659DiVA, id: diva2:1202016
Available from: 2018-04-27 Created: 2018-04-27 Last updated: 2023-10-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records

Kraus, Ludwig

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Kraus, Ludwig
By organisation
Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD)
In the same journal
Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 345 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf