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Refugee Protections from Below: Smuggling in the Eritrea-Ethiopia Context
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
Number of Authors: 12018 (English)In: The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, ISSN 0002-7162, E-ISSN 1552-3349, Vol. 676, no 1, p. 57-76Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article is an analysis of the role of human smuggling practices and of the transnational social relations of Eritrean refugees exiting and transitioning through Ethiopia. Based on two years of multisited ethnographic fieldwork, I explore how smugglers, aspiring migrants, and former migrants, settled en route and in diasporic spaces, try to minimize the risk of violence through communities of support and knowhow. In so doing, I argue that smuggling is a socially embedded collective practice that strives to facilitate safe exit and transitions of Eritrean refugees despite the criminalization of migration, the militarization of borders, and the potential and existing criminal activity along Eritrean, Sudanese, and Ethiopian migratory corridors. The facilitation of irregular transits by migrants themselves reproduces a collective system of migratory knowledge that aims to bring refugees to safetya community of knowledgein which smuggling emerges as a system of refugee protection from below.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 676, no 1, p. 57-76
Keywords [en]
community of knowledge, migrant smuggling, delaloch, Eritrea, youth
National Category
Social Anthropology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-156118DOI: 10.1177/0002716217743944ISI: 000429953100004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-156118DiVA, id: diva2:1204262
Available from: 2018-05-07 Created: 2018-05-07 Last updated: 2018-05-07Bibliographically approved

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Mengiste, Tekalign Ayalew
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