Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
School Choice, School Performance and School Segregation: Institutions and Design
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of four self-contained chapters. 

The first chapter, Are Parents Uninformed? – The Impact of School Performance Information on School Choice Behavior and Student Assignment, is co-authored by Elsisabet Olme. We investigate the effects of school performance information on school choice behavior and student assignment. A randomly selected group of students, about to choose middle school, were provided with information about the performance of the available schools. Households that received the information became more prone to choose a top-performing school. This effect is driven by native and high-skilled households. We simulate how this change in choice behavior translates into changes in school assignment. We find that enrollment in the top-performing schools increases but the effect is muted by limited capacity. We also find that the treatment increases the gap in school performance between advantaged and disadvantaged households, decreases segregation in terms of migration background and increases segregation in terms of parental skill-level. 

The second chapter, School Choice Priority Structures and School Segregation, is also co-authored by Elsisabet Olme. We evaluate how school segregation is affected by altering the priority structures in a school choice program. We evaluate three priority structures, one proximity-based, one lottery-based and one based on soft quotas. Using actual choice data and simulations we find that that priority structures do affect school segregation. When reserving seats for different groups, schools are less segregated compared to when using systems where priorities are based on proximity or a lottery. We find that the average costs in terms of welfare are limited but that the different priority structures benefit different subgroups. 

In the third chapter, Debiasing the Gender Differences in Willingness to Compete – The Effects of General Information on the Gender Gap and Efficiency, I explore if informing people about the gender differences in the willingness to compete and the accompanying inefficiencies can reduce said differences and inefficiencies. In an experiment where the participants got to choose whether to compete or not, a random sample of participants were informed about the gender differences in willingness to compete and the related inefficiencies. Among those not informed, men were much more likely to compete than women. There were also significant inefficiencies from low-performing men choosing to compete and high-performing women choosing not to. The treatment reversed the gender gap and significantly reduced inefficiency. 

The fourth chapter, The Housing Wealth Effect: Quasi-Experimental Evidence is co-authored by Roine Vestman and Björn Tyrefors Hinnerich. We exploit a quasi-experiment that occurred in Stockholm in 2007 when the contract of Stockholm's city airport was unexpectedly renewed. We estimate an immediate shock of approximately 16 percent to house prices close to the airport. This source of price variation is ideal to identify housing wealth effects since it is local and unrelated to variation in macroeconomic conditions. Using a household data set with granular geographic information on primary residence, we find an MPC on cars of less than 0.2 cents per dollar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Economics, Stockholm University , 2018. , p. 242
Series
Dissertations in Economics, ISSN 1404-3491 ; 2018:4
Keywords [en]
School choice, school segregation, school performance, priority structures, information, gender, competition, experiment, house prices, housing wealth, consumption, house price elasticity, marginal propensity to consume
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-156309ISBN: 978-91-7797-334-8 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7797-335-5 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-156309DiVA, id: diva2:1204635
Public defence
2018-09-03, De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-05-08 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

School Choice, School Performance and School Segregation(1503 kB)357 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1503 kBChecksum SHA-512
3b5708f55283a1f8f269fcc8a8eccf9842e6543bf43a0cc197ce84b31965326fa8d6685e2915b34c77bf41d3429dc80e6ee19afbc9c40e765e804c4ccca4d319
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Kessel, Dany
By organisation
Department of Economics
Economics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 357 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1972 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf