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Smoking and Physical Inactivity as Predictors of Mobility Impairment During Late Life: Exploring Differential Vulnerability Across Education Level in Sweden
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI).
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI).
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI).
Antal upphovsmän: 42018 (Engelska)Ingår i: The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences, ISSN 1079-5014, E-ISSN 1758-5368, Vol. 73, nr 4, s. 675-683Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To test whether older adults from high and low educational groups are differentially vulnerable to the impact of smoking and physical inactivity on the progression of mobility impairment during old age.

Methods: A nationally representative sample of older Swedish adults (n = 1,311), aged 57-76 years at baseline (1991), were followed for up to 23 years (2014). Multilevel regression was used to estimate individual trajectories of mobility impairment over the study period and to test for differences in the progression of mobility impairment on the basis of smoking status, physical activity status, and level of education.

Results: Compared to nonsmokers, heavy smokers had higher levels and steeper increases in mobility impairment with advancing age. However, there were only small and statistically nonsignificant differences in the impact of heavy smoking on mobility impairment in high versus low education groups. A similar pattern of results was found for physical inactivity.

Discussion: Differential vulnerability to unhealthy behaviors may vary across populations, age, time-periods, and health outcomes. In this study of older adults in Sweden, low and high education groups did not differ significantly in their associations between heavy smoking or physical inactivity, and the progression of mobility impairment.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. Vol. 73, nr 4, s. 675-683
Nyckelord [en]
Aging, Differential vulnerability, Education, Mobility, Physical inactivity, Smoking, Lack of exercise, Educational status, Elderly, Emotional vulnerability
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi Gerontologi, medicinsk/hälsovetenskaplig inriktning Geriatrik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-156651DOI: 10.1093/geronb/gbw090ISI: 000430700300018PubMedID: 27449220OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-156651DiVA, id: diva2:1213766
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-05 Skapad: 2018-06-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-09-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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Av författaren/redaktören
Fors, StefanFritzell, Johan
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Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI)
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The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
PsykologiGerontologi, medicinsk/hälsovetenskaplig inriktningGeriatrik

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