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Balancing Work and Life When Self-Employed: The Role of Business Characteristics, Time Demands, and Gender Contexts
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3965-1666
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
2018 (English)In: Social Sciences, ISSN 2076-0760, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 7, no 8, article id 139Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores individual and contextual risk factors in relation to work interfering with private life (WIL) and private life interfering with work (LIW) among self-employed men and women across European countries. It also studies the relationship between interference (LIW and WIL) and well-being among self-employed men and women. Drawing on data from the fifth round of the European Working Conditions Survey, a sample of self-employed men and women with active businesses was extracted. After applying multilevel regressions, results show that although business characteristics are important, the most evident risk factor for WIL and LIW is time demands. Both time demands and business characteristics also seem to be important factors in relation to gender differences in level of interference. There is a relationship between well-being and both WIL and LIW, and time demands is again an important factor. Gender equality in the labor market did not relate to level of interference, nor did it affect the relationship between interference and well-being. However, in gender-separated analyses, LIW and LIW interacted with gender equality in the labor market in different ways for women’s and men’s well-being. In conclusion, gender relations are important in interference and how interference relates to well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 7, no 8, article id 139
Keywords [en]
contextual risk factors, gender, individual risk factors, life-work interference, self-employed, well-being, work-life interference
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Psychology; Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-159416DOI: 10.3390/socsci7080139OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-159416DiVA, id: diva2:1242665
Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2019-01-20Bibliographically approved

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Toivanen, SusannaBernhard-Oettel, Claudia
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