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Elite schools, elite ambitions?: The consequences of achievement sorting for the formation of educational ambitions
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Does a surrounding of high achievers inspire more ambitious choices? Or is such a surrounding depressing for self-concepts, making choices less ambitious? We evaluate these contradicting expectations in the context of high school graduates’ application decisions to higher education. To identify the effects of the social surrounding, we exploit a school choice reform that dramatically increased achievement sorting across secondary schools in the municipality of Stockholm, employing a before/after design with a control group of students in similar schools located outside this municipality. We find increased achievement sorting to have a mean positive effect on the propensity to apply for tertiary educational programs, but with diverging effects across achievement groups and types of tertiary educational programs. Among high achievers, achievement sorting strongly increases the propensity to apply for ambitious, ‘elite’ educational programs. Low achievers weakly increase their propensity to apply for moderately ambitious, ‘non-elite’ educational programs. These effects translate into increases in the gender gap, the immigration gap, and the parental education gap in educational choice, but these effects are rather small and imprecisely estimated. Our results support the conjecture that school choice, and the increased achievement sorting it implies, to some extent polarizes the educational choices of students.

Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Forskningsämne
sociologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-160736OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-160736DiVA, id: diva2:1253108
Tillgänglig från: 2018-10-03 Skapad: 2018-10-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Social Influence and Educational Decisions: Studies on Peer Influence in Secondary Education
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Social Influence and Educational Decisions: Studies on Peer Influence in Secondary Education
2018 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines the role of peers when students’ educational decisions are formed. The thesis uses rich administrative data from Sweden, which provides opportunities to follow students over different transitions in their educational career and assess the role of peers in different educational situations. The thesis consists of one introductory chapter and four empirical studies. Study I examines how peers influence each other’s applications to upper secondary education through two different influence functions, where students both conform to their peers’ ambitious decisions and simultaneously can be discouraged from ambitious decisions by high-achieving peers. Study II builds on the findings from Study I and examines if students who conform to their peers’ educational ambitions and enroll in ambitious and demanding educations are more prone to leave such educations since their applications potentially were too myopic when influenced by their peers. Study III examines how students’ decisions to apply to gender typical and gender atypical upper secondary educations were affected by their peers. The study additionally examines if students enrolled in atypical educations are more likely to leave the education and if such decisions are mediated by the peer composition in their upper secondary education. Study IV examines how an admission reform to upper secondary education, which increased the sorting of students on achievements, affected application behavior to different tertiary education.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 2018. s. 33
Serie
Stockholm studies in sociology, ISSN 0491-0885 ; 74
Nyckelord
Peer influence, educational decisions, school leaving, application behavior, reference group
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Forskningsämne
sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-160739 (URN)978-91-7797-492-5 (ISBN)978-91-7797-493-2 (ISBN)
Disputation
2018-11-16, William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.

Tillgänglig från: 2018-10-24 Skapad: 2018-10-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-10-16Bibliografiskt granskad

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Av författaren/redaktören
Bygren, MagnusRosenqvist, Erik
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Sociologiska institutionen
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)

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Totalt: 133 träffar
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