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Intertidal Zone Management in the Western Indian Ocean: Assessing Current Status and Future Possibilities Using Expert Opinions
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences. Åbo Akademi University, Finland; WIO CARE, Tanzania.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4450-2331
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
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Number of Authors: 72014 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 43, no 8, p. 1006-1019Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This expert opinion study examined the current status of the intertidal zone in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) and ranked and discussed future management approaches. Information was gathered from scientists, practitioners, and managers active in the WIO region through a questionnaire and a workshop. The experts stated that the productive intertidal environment is highly valuable for reasons such as recreation, erosion protection, and provision of edible invertebrates and fish. Several anthropogenic pressures were identified, including pollution, harbor activities, overexploitation, and climate change. The experts considered the WIO intertidal zone as generally understudied, undermanaged, and with poor or no monitoring. The most important management strategies according to the expert opinions are to develop and involve local people in integrated coastal zone management (ICZM), to increase knowledge on species-environment relationships, and to develop awareness campaigns and education programs. To improve coastal environmental management and conservation, we argue that the intertidal zone should be treated as one organizational management unit within the larger framework of ICZM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 43, no 8, p. 1006-1019
Keywords [en]
Expert opinions, Ecosystem function, Integrated coastal zone management (ICZM), Closures, Environmental monitoring, Ecosystem-based management
National Category
Environmental Engineering Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-160567DOI: 10.1007/s13280-013-0465-8ISI: 000344920200003PubMedID: 24375399OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-160567DiVA, id: diva2:1254497
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-10-09Bibliographically approved

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Mtwana Nordlund, Linade la Torre-Castro, MaricelaGullström, Martin
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Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant SciencesDepartment of Physical Geography and Quaternary GeologyStockholm Resilience Centre
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