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Does the Hubble constant tension call for new physics?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8380-6143
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
Number of Authors: 22018 (English)In: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, no 9, article id 025Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Lambda Cold Dark Matter model (Lambda CDM) represents the current standard model in cosmology. Within this, there is a tension between the value of the Hubble constant, H-0, inferred from local distance indicators and the angular scale of fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). In terms of Bayseian evidence, we investigate whether the tension is significant enough to warrant new physics in the form of modifying or adding energy components to the standard cosmological model. We find that late time dark energy explanations are not favoured by data whereas a pre-CMB decoupling extra dark energy component has a positive, although not substantial, Bayesian evidence. A constant equation of state of the additional early energy density is constrained to 0.086(-0.03)(+0:04). Although this value deviates significantly from 1/3, valid for dark radiation, the latter is favoured based on the Bayesian evidence. If the tension persists, future estimates of H-0 at the 1% level will be able to decisively determine which of the proposed explanations is favoured.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. no 9, article id 025
Keywords [en]
dark energy experiments, dark energy theory, cosmological parameters from CMBR, supernova type Ia - standard candles
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-161051DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2018/09/025ISI: 000444908400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-161051DiVA, id: diva2:1256162
Available from: 2018-10-16 Created: 2018-10-16 Last updated: 2018-10-16Bibliographically approved

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Mörtsell, EdvardDhawan, Suhail
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