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Residue analysis, use-wear patterns, and replicative studies indicate that sandstone tools were used as reamers when producing shell fishhooks on San Nicolas Island, California
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics. UCLA, USA.
Number of Authors: 42018 (English)In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2001-1199, Vol. 20, p. 502-505Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Elucidating the tools and production steps involved in manufacturing the characteristic circular shell fishhooks found on the California Channel Islands has been a long-standing problem in California archaeology. A prehistoric production site for shell fishhooks excavated on the most remote island, San Nicolas Island, has provided a rare opportunity to examine manufacturing sequences. We have previously employed a multidisciplinary research approach to demonstrate that fishhook production at this site involved using sandstone slabs as abraders, or saws. Here, we use chemical residue analysis, replicative experiments, and microwear patterns to show that fishhook production also involved the use of small pointed pieces of sandstone as reamers. These results bring us one step closer to understanding the complete prehistoric toolkit used for production of circular shell fishhooks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 20, p. 502-505
Keywords [en]
SEM, XRD, Experimental archaeology, Lithics, Native American, Channel Islands, CA-SNI-25
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-161217DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.05.011ISI: 000444281500048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-161217DiVA, id: diva2:1258338
Available from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2018-10-24Bibliographically approved

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Wärmländer, Sebastian K. T. S.
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