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Becoming the expert constructing health knowledge in epistemic communities online
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
2018 (English)In: Information, Communication and Society, ISSN 1369-118X, E-ISSN 1468-4462Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

From a discourse analytic framework, the article analyses health blogs and patient’s forum discussions in which parents to children with congenital heart defects recontextualize medical professional knowledge and share their own experiences. The study show how the two types of online media may serve as a means for parents to attain expert status in their own case by sharing lay knowledge expressed as an amalgamation of the two key perspectives – professional and experienced – as an indivisible unit. Monological discourses, such as narrating, in blogs and more direct and immediate responses in forum discussions are noted as examples of differences in how medical facts are explained and negotiated, how advice is provided and how patient expertise is created. The study also show how blogs and especially forum discussions are used to problematize the validity of actions and opinions of medical staff. The role of developing patient expertise in epistemic communities online may therefore come with a risk of spreading misrepresentation of medical cases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Blogs, online forums, patient expertise, epistemic communities, knowledge building
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-162518DOI: 10.1080/1369118X.2018.1518474OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-162518DiVA, id: diva2:1266989
Projects
Hälsolitteracitet och kunskapsbyggande i informationssamhället
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2018-11-30 Created: 2018-11-30 Last updated: 2018-12-05Bibliographically approved

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2526272829303128 of 85
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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