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Economic status, air quality, and child health: Evidence from inversion episodes
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for International Economic Studies. Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS), Sweden.
Number of Authors: 32018 (English)In: Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 0167-6296, E-ISSN 1879-1646, Vol. 61, p. 220-232Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Normally, the temperature decreases with altitude, allowing air pollutants to rise and disperse. During inversion episodes, warmer air at higher altitude traps air pollutants at the ground. By merging vertical temperature profile data from NASA with pollution monitors and health care records, we show that inversions increase the PM10 levels by 25% and children's respiratory health problems by 5.5%. Low-income children are particularly affected, and differences in baseline health seem to be a key mediating factor behind the effect of pollution on the SES health gap. Policies that improve dissemination of information on inversion status may hence improve child health, either through private action or via policies that curb emissions during inversion episodes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 61, p. 220-232
Keywords [en]
Air pollution, Inversions, Environmental policy, Nonparametric estimation, Socioeconomic gradient, Inequality, Labor supply
National Category
Economics and Business Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-162045DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2018.08.002ISI: 000447106100015PubMedID: 30193188OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-162045DiVA, id: diva2:1267861
Available from: 2018-12-04 Created: 2018-12-04 Last updated: 2018-12-04Bibliographically approved

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