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How and Why Education Counters Ideological Extremism in Finland
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies. University of Helsinki, Finland; University of Oxford, UK.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6085-576X
2018 (English)In: Religions, ISSN 2077-1444, E-ISSN 2077-1444, Vol. 9, no 12, article id 420Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The intensification of radical and extremist thinking has become an international cause of concern and the fear related to terrorism has increased worldwide. Early 21st century public discourses have been correspondingly marked by hate speech and ideological propaganda spread from a variety of perspectives through the intensified presence of global social media networks. In many countries, governments have reacted to these perceived and actual threats by drafting policies and preventive programs and legal-security interventions to tackle radicalization, terrorism itself, as well as ideological extremism. Many of the current strategies point to the critical role of societal education. As a result, educational institutions have gained growing importance as platforms for different kinds of prevention protocols or counter-terrorism strategies. However, notably less attention has been paid on the consistencies of values between the aims of the educational strategies for preventing or countering ideological extremism and the core functions of education in fostering individual and societal well-being and growth. Using Finnish education as a case, this paper discusses the challenges and possibilities related to educational institutions as spaces for preventing violent extremism, with special regard to the religious and nationalistic ideologies that divert from those inherent in the national hegemony. This study highlights the need to plan counter-terrorism strategies in line with national educational policies through what we conceptualize as ‘institutional habitus’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 9, no 12, article id 420
Keywords [en]
religion, security, nationalism, political violence
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Child and Youth Studies with Focus on Educational Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-163807DOI: 10.3390/rel9120420ISI: 000454736600045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-163807DiVA, id: diva2:1276941
Funder
Academy of Finland, 315860Available from: 2019-01-09 Created: 2019-01-09 Last updated: 2019-02-04Bibliographically approved

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