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Vänskapens magi: En studie om förskolebarn i behov av särskilt stöd, vänskap och sociala färdigheter
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur förskollärare arbetar med att skapa och upprätthålla sociala färdigheter och vänskap för barn i behov av särskilt stöd. Forskning visar att barn i behov av särskilt stöd ingår i färre vänskapsrelationer än andra barn. Studien har undersökt hur 28 förskollärare skattat barns lekfärdigheter utifrån observationsschemat Teacher Impression Scale - Swedish version (TIS-S). Sex förskollärare har intervjuats och beskrivit sin funktion i arbetet med att främja vänskapsrelationer mellan barn i behov av särskilt stöd och andra barn. De metoder som används var observationsschemat TIS-S, enkät samt intervjuer. Således har studien använt sig av både kvalitativ och kvantitativ forskningsansats. Det framkom att barn som väckte frågor hos förskollärarna sällan valdes som vänner samt behövde stöd i sitt sociala beteende. De arbetssätt som beskrevs var bland annat medveten indelning av barn i smågrupper samt ett statushöjande förhållningssätt där ett undvikande och ett tillförande arbetssätt trädde fram. En slutsats som drogs var att förskolorna i studien inte aktivt arbetade med konkreta interventioner för att främja vänskap. En annan slutsats blev att en samsyn kring begreppet barn i behov av särskilt stöd saknades. Avslutningsvis diskuteras de organisatoriska förutsättningar förskollärarna arbetade under som hinder för arbetet med vänskap för barn i behov av särskilt stöd. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate how preschool teachers work to create and maintain social skills and friendship for children with special needs. Research shows that children with special needs are included in fewer friendship relations compared to other children. The study has examined how 28 preschool teachers estimated children's playing skills based on the observation sheet Teacher Impression Scale - Swedish version (TIS-S). Six preschool teachers have been interviewed and described their function in the work of promoting friendship relationships between children with special needs and other children. The methods used were the TIS-S observation sheet, survey and interviews. The study has used both qualitative and quantitative research methods. It was found that children, who the preschool teachers had concerns about, were rarely chosen as friends and needed support in their social behavior. The strategies described were, among other things, to divide the children into smaller groups, as well as an approach meant to increase the status of the children with special needs. In this approach two phenomenas were discovered, one which aimed to avoid and one which aimed to contribute. One conclusion was that the preschools in the study did not actively work with concrete interventions to promote friendship. An another conclusion was that a consensus on the concept children with special needs was lacking. In conclusion, the organizational conditions described by the preschoolers were discussed as obstacles that aggravated friendship interventions for children with special needs. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 52
Keywords [en]
Friendship, Social skills, Special needs education, Children with special needs, Preschool, TIS-S, Mixed Methods.
Keywords [sv]
Vänskap, Sociala färdigheter, Specialpedagogik, Barn i behov av särskilt stöd, Förskola, TIS-S, Mixed Methods.
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-165413OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-165413DiVA, id: diva2:1283290
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Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-07Bibliographically approved

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