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Fishing in troubled waters: on the origin of Finnic saima-stems
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Finnish.
2019 (English)In: Finnisch-Ugrische Mitteilungen, ISSN 0341-7816, Vol. 42, p. 33-56Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper deals with the etymology of four phonologically identical and semantically related terms in Finnish: Saimaa, the name of a lake; saima, saimasiika, a species of whitefish, saima, saimaverkko, a kind of net, and saima, a kind of boat. Below, I will advance a tentative Indo-Iranian etymology for the hydronym and possibly the fish as well, whereas I believe the word for ‘net’ to be ultimately based on an internal, Finnic instrumental derivation obscured by back-and-forth borrowing between Finnish and Saami. The word for ‘boat’ I will argue to be a borrowing from a Saami term for ‘quant-pole’ which itself is an Indo-Iranian borrowing. In the course of dealing with these terms, I will also suggest a new Baltic etymology for Finnish hämärä ‘dark’ as well as a Indo-European origin for a thinly spread Uralic term for ‘black’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 42, p. 33-56
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Finno-Ugric Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-165434OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-165434DiVA, id: diva2:1283611
Note

ISBN 978-3-87548-898-2.

Available from: 2019-01-29 Created: 2019-01-29 Last updated: 2019-02-08Bibliographically approved

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