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Migrant labor market integration: the association between initial settlement and subsequent employment and income among migrants
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7272-1729
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1246-2427
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2770-7463
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 101, nr 2, s. 118-137Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The neighborhood effects literature indicates that a person’s place of residence may affect their socio-economic situation. This study examines the association between initial settlement and immigrants’ employment and income. Previous studies mostly used administratively defined geographical units of study, which may have led to an underestimation of neighborhood effects. The current study uses individualized neighborhoods, where neighborhoods are constructed based on each individual’s closest neighbors using geocoded register data, on different scales. In this way, more of the individual’s actual neighborhood is captured. The longitudinal study follows three cohorts of migrants and examines the relationship between the initial neighborhoods that migrants settle in and their employment and income, in the short and medium-long term. The results show clear associations between neighborhoods of initial settlement and labor market integration. Starting off in neighborhoods with high levels of deprivation is associated with lower levels of employment, while settling in affluent neighborhoods is associated with higher incomes. Findings are stable for different migrant cohorts and in the short and long term. Neighborhood effects are substantial especially for those settling in the most deprived or the most affluent neighborhoods.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2019. Vol. 101, nr 2, s. 118-137
Nyckelord [en]
neighborhood effects, individualized neighborhoods, labor market integration, migrants
Nationell ämneskategori
Kulturgeografi
Forskningsämne
kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-166068DOI: 10.1080/04353684.2019.1581987ISI: 000467974200004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-166068DiVA, id: diva2:1288355
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 340-2013-5164Forskningsrådet Formas, 2014-1676Tillgänglig från: 2019-02-13 Skapad: 2019-02-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-05Bibliografiskt granskad

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Av författaren/redaktören
Wimark, ThomasHaandrikman, KarenNielsen, Michael Meinild
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Kulturgeografiska institutionen
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Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography
Kulturgeografi

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