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Rapid Isolation of the Mitoribosome from HEK Cells
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik. Stockholms universitet, Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab).
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik. Stockholms universitet, Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab).
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik. Stockholms universitet, Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab).
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik. Stockholms universitet, Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5302-1740
Antal upphovsmän: 42018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Visualized Experiments, ISSN 1940-087X, E-ISSN 1940-087X, nr 140, artikel-id e57877Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The human mitochondria possess a dedicated set of ribosomes (mitoribosomes) that translate 13 essential protein components of the oxidative phosphorylation complexes encoded by the mitochondria! genome. Since all proteins synthesized by human mitoribosomes are integral membrane proteins, human mitoribosomes are tethered to the mitochondrial inner membrane during translation. Compared to the cytosolic ribosome the mitoribosome has a sedimentation coefficient of 55S, half the rRNA content, no 5S rRNA and 36 additional proteins. Therefore, a higher protein-to-RNA ratio and an atypical structure make the human mitoribosome substantially distinct from its cytosolic counterpart. Despite the central importance of the mitoribosome to life, no protocols were available to purify the intact complex from human cell lines. Traditionally, mitoribosomes were isolated from mitochondria-rich animal tissues that required kilograms of starting material. We reasoned that mitochondria in dividing HEK293-derived human cells grown in nutrient-rich expression medium would have an active mitochondrial translation, and, therefore, could be a suitable source of material for the structural and biochemical studies of the mitoribosome. To investigate its structure, we developed a protocol for large-scale purification of intact mitoribosomes from HEK cells. Herein, we introduce nitrogen cavitation method as a faster, less labor-intensive and more efficient alternative to traditional mechanical shear-based methods for cell lysis. This resulted in preparations of the mitoribosome that allowed for its structural determination to high resolution, revealing the composition of the intact human mitoribosome and its assembly intermediates. Here, we follow up on this work and present an optimized and more cost-effective method requiring only similar to 10(10) cultured HEK cells. The method can be employed to purify human mitoribosomal translating complexes, mutants, quality control assemblies and mitoribosomal subunits intermediates. The purification can be linearly scaled up tenfold if needed, and also applied to other types of cells.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. nr 140, artikel-id e57877
Nyckelord [en]
Biochemistry, Issue 140, Mitochondria, translation, ribosome, cryo-EM, protein synthesis, biochemistry
Nationell ämneskategori
Biologiska vetenskaper
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-166868DOI: 10.3791/57877ISI: 000456452800018PubMedID: 30346389OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-166868DiVA, id: diva2:1294126
Tillgänglig från: 2019-03-06 Skapad: 2019-03-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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Av författaren/redaktören
Aibara, ShintaroAndréll, JuniSingh, VivekAmunts, Alexey
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Institutionen för biokemi och biofysikScience for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab)
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Journal of Visualized Experiments
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