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The proton pumping bo oxidase from Vitreoscilla
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
Number of Authors: 32019 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, article id 4766Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The cytochrome bo(3) quinol oxidase from Vitreoscilla (vbo(3)) catalyses oxidation of ubiquinol and reduction of O-2 to H2O. Data from earlier studies suggested that the free energy released in this reaction is used to pump sodium ions instead of protons across a membrane. Here, we have studied the functional properties of heterologously expressed vbo(3) with a variety of methods. (i) Following oxygen consumption with a Clark-type electrode, we did not observe a measurable effect of Na+ on the oxidase activity of purified vbo(3) solubilized in detergent or reconstituted in liposomes. (ii) Using fluorescent dyes, we find that vbo(3) does not pump Na+ ions, but H+ across the membrane, and that H+-pumping is not influenced by the presence of Na+. (iii) Using an oxygen pulse method, it was found that 2 H+/e(-) are ejected from proteoliposomes, in agreement with the values found for the H+-pumping bo(3) oxidase of Escherichia coli (ecbo(3)). This coincides with the interpretation that 1 H+/e(-) is pumped across the membrane and 1 H+/e(-) is released during quinol oxidation. (iv) When the electron transfer kinetics of vbo(3) upon reaction with oxygen were followed in single turnover experiments, a similar sequence of reaction steps was observed as reported for the E. coli enzyme and none of these reactions was notably affected by the presence of Na+. Overall the data show that vbo(3) is a proton pumping terminal oxidase, behaving similarly to the Escherichia coli bo(3) quinol oxidase.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 9, article id 4766
National Category
Chemical Sciences Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-167589DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-40723-2ISI: 000461418200003PubMedID: 30886219OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-167589DiVA, id: diva2:1301630
Available from: 2019-04-02 Created: 2019-04-02 Last updated: 2019-04-02Bibliographically approved

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