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Intact innervation is essential for diet-induced recruitment of brown adipose tissue
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylär biovetenskap, Wenner-Grens institut. University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylär biovetenskap, Wenner-Grens institut.
Vise andre og tillknytning
Rekke forfattare: 52019 (engelsk)Inngår i: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism, ISSN 0193-1849, E-ISSN 1522-1555, Vol. 316, nr 3, s. E487-E503Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The possibility that recruitment and activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis could be beneficial for curtailing obesity development in humans prompts a need for a better understanding of the control of these processes [that are often referred to collectively as diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT)]. Dietary conditions are associated with large changes in blood-borne factors that could be responsible for BAT recruitment, but BAT is also innervated by the sympathetic nervous system. To examine the significance of the innervation for DIT recruitment, we surgically denervated the largest BAT depot, i.e., the interscapular BAT depot in mice and exposed the mice at thermoneutrality to a high-fat diet versus a chow diet. Denervation led to an alteration in feeding pattern but did not lead to enhanced obesity, but obesity was achieved with a lower food intake, as denervation increased metabolic efficiency. Conclusively. denervation totally abolished the diet-induced increase in total UCP1 protein levels observed in the intact mice, whereas basal UCP1 expression was not dependent on innervation. The denervation of interscapular BAT did not discernably hyper-recruit other BAT depots, and no UCP1 protein could be detected in the principally browning-competent inguinal white adipose tissue depot under any of the examined conditions. We conclude that intact innervation is essential for diet-induced thermogenesis and that circulating factors cannot by themselves initiate recruitment of brown adipose tissue under obesogenic conditions. Therefore, the processes that link food intake and energy storage to activation of the nervous system are those of significance for the further understanding of diet-induced thermogenesis.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019. Vol. 316, nr 3, s. E487-E503
Emneord [en]
brown adipose tissue, denervation, diet-induced thermogenesis, obesity, uncoupling protein 1
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-167621DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.00443.2018ISI: 000460673100013PubMedID: 30576247OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-167621DiVA, id: diva2:1304375
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-04-12 Laget: 2019-04-12 Sist oppdatert: 2022-03-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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Fischer, Alexander W.Cannon, BarbaraNedergaard, Jan

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