Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
American geography of opportunity reveals European origins
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI). University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Number of Authors: 22019 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 116, no 13, p. 6045-6050Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A large literature documents how intergenerational mobility-the degree to which (dis)advantage is passed on from parents to children-varies across and within countries. Less is known about the origin or persistence of such differences. We show that US areas populated by descendants to European immigrants have similar levels of income equality and mobility as the countries their forebears came from: highest in areas dominated by descendants to Scandinavian and German immigrants, lower in places with French or Italian heritage, and lower still in areas with British roots. Similar variation in mobility is found for the black population and when analyzing causal place effects, suggesting that mobility differences arise at the community level and extend beyond descendants of European immigrant groups. Our findings indicate that the geography of US opportunity may have deeper historical roots than previously recognized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 116, no 13, p. 6045-6050
Keywords [en]
income inequality, intergenerational mobility, melting pot, immigration, Great Gatsby Curve
National Category
Social and Economic Geography Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-168356DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1810893116ISI: 000462382800039PubMedID: 30837314OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-168356DiVA, id: diva2:1314759
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Engzell, Per
By organisation
The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)
In the same journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Social and Economic GeographyOther Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 8 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf