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Structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis phosphatidylinositol phosphate synthase reveals mechanism of substrate binding and metal catalysis
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
Number of Authors: 32019 (English)In: Communications biology, ISSN 2399-3642, Vol. 2, article id 175Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Tuberculosis causes over one million yearly deaths, and drug resistance is rapidly developing. Mycobacterium tuberculosis phosphatidylinositol phosphate synthase (PgsA1) is an integral membrane enzyme involved in biosynthesis of inositol-derived phospholipids required for formation of the mycobacterial cell wall, and a potential drug target. Here we present three crystal structures of M. tuberculosis PgsA1: in absence of substrates (2.9 angstrom), in complex with Mn2+ and citrate (1.9 angstrom), and with the CDP-DAG substrate (1.8 angstrom). The structures reveal atomic details of substrate binding as well as coordination and dynamics of the catalytic metal site. In addition, molecular docking supported by mutagenesis indicate a binding mode for the second substrate, D-myo-inositol-3-phosphate. Together, the data describe the structural basis for M. tuberculosis phosphatidylinositol phosphate synthesis and suggest a refined general catalytic mechanism-including a substrate-induced carboxylate shift-for Class I CDP-alcohol phosphotransferases, enzymes essential for phospholipid biosynthesis in all domains of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 2, article id 175
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-169249DOI: 10.1038/s42003-019-0427-1ISI: 000467215700005PubMedID: 31098408OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-169249DiVA, id: diva2:1327271
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved

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Gräve, KristineBennett, Matthew D.Högbom, Martin
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