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Temporal frames of reference in Persian L2 English narrations: A reflection of perspectivation in the L1 or the L2?
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9954-2437
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: EuroSLA 23, 23st Annual Conference of the European Second Language Association, Amsterdam University, 28-31 August 2013: Book of Abstracts, 2013, s. 24-24Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The present study investigates L1 influence on the structuring of events in adult second language acquisition, focusing on temporal perspectivation in film re-tellings by very advanced L2 speakers of English with L1 Persian. The analysis focuses on contrasts in perspectivation with regard to the role of grammaticalised temporal structures of the speaker’s L1, which provides specific means of temporal perspectivation in event representations that differ from English. When organising information for expression in a story-telling task in the L2, grammaticalised L1 features can result in L1-influenced, temporal relations between events that advance the story line, showing transfer as well as possible L2-specific patterns (Carroll, von Stutterheim and Nüse, 2004). Such L1 influence has been established in cross-linguistic analyses of the verbalisation of perceptual input in Germanic, Romance, Semitic, and Slavic languages by the Heidelberg group. The current investigation replicates an analysis of retellings of a film clip by von Stutterheim and Lambert (2005) and Carroll and Lambert (2006), involving an Iranian language, Persian, as L1.

While progressivity is a prominent feature of the temporal frame in film retellings in English, language change in Persian has led to the following changes for this grammatical category: the conventional mi-prefixed imperfective retains progressivity, while a new periphrastic progressive presents an alternative to this form, along with progressive constructions with verbal nouns.

The critical results will be retrieved from a quantitative analysis of the L1 Persian data indicating how much the periphrastic progressive is grammaticalised in contrast to the conventional imperfective. Also, a qualitative analysis of the Persian L2 English data identifies the temporal frame used in sequencing events, and compares this with L1 speakers of Persian and English. All three groups of speakers (N=30, in each) were asked to carry out the same task, i.e. retelling of a silent film lasting approximately ten minutes. Finally, the relative distances between the frames of temporal representation in the retellings of Persian advanced learners of L2 English and the two groups of L1 speakers shed light on the way the learners deal with aspectual distinctions in systems that differ typologically and the complexity for the learner. The study thus identifies the role of L1-influenced preferences in the expression of temporal relations in this advanced L2 English learner language with its implications for second language acquisition.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2013. s. 24-24
Nyckelord [en]
cross-linguistic influence, grammaticalisation, perspectivation
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Forskningsämne
engelska
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-172584OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-172584DiVA, id: diva2:1348451
Konferens
EuroSLA 23, 23rd Annual Conference of the European Second Language Association, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 28-31 August, 2013
Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-04 Skapad: 2019-09-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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Abdollahian Barough, Somaje
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Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik

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