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Adolescent Females with Limited Delinquency: A Follow-Up on Educational Attainment and Recidivism
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi.
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4856-1830
Rekke forfattare: 22019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Child and Youth Care Forum, ISSN 1053-1890, E-ISSN 1573-3319Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background

Research has established a strong relationship between education and later life outcomes, where the connection between different school problems and delinquency have been widely acknowledged. These studies have often sampled male juvenile offenders exhibiting extensive and/or persistent delinquency. Less is known about the educational attainment of female juvenile offenders, especially those who display limited delinquency. In a previous study (Azad and Ginner Hau in Child Youth Serv Rev 95:384–396, 2018), the characteristics of this particular group of offenders were explored where the results showed limited self-reported delinquency but elevated school problems.

Objective

The present aim was to conduct a follow-up study of the same sample of female adolescents, in order to study their educational attainment during adolescence and the rate of recidivism within 24 months after being sentenced through registry data.

Method

The sample consisted of adolescent females (N = 144) who were convicted of a crime and sentenced to youth service between 2007 and 2012 in Stockholm, Sweden.

Results

The results showed that the majority of the females did not reoffend within 2 years after being sentenced. They did, however, display high educational deficits. Their grade point average at the end of both compulsory education and upper secondary school was much lower than that of young females in general, and the majority had either dropped out, never begun or received zero in all subjects at the end of upper secondary school.

Conclusions

The low school results indicate a need to support young delinquent females’ educational attainment in order to improve their overall life chances.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019.
Emneord [en]
Female delinquency, Limited delinquency, Educational attainment, Recidivism, School and delinquency
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-175735DOI: 10.1007/s10566-019-09530-8ISI: 000490828300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-175735DiVA, id: diva2:1369240
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-11 Laget: 2019-11-11 Sist oppdatert: 2019-12-12
Inngår i avhandling
1. Characteristics of adolescent females with limited delinquency: Developmental challenges in relation to family, peers and education
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Characteristics of adolescent females with limited delinquency: Developmental challenges in relation to family, peers and education
2019 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Adolescence is a developmental period marked with several changes in a young person’s life. Most adolescents who commit crimes desist over time. Despite this, research has mainly focused on those with extensive and long-term delinquency, including mostly males. Young females with limited delinquency are thus an under-researched group. The overall aim of the thesis was to explore the characteristics of young females with limited delinquency, and relate these features to developmental aspects of adolescence. Further, the objective was to study potential challenges they experience, in connection to family, peers and school. All four studies were based on data from young females sentenced to youth service. Studies 1 and 2 include all (N=144) females convicted in a major city in Sweden during 2007–2012. The data collected through self-reports based on ADAD interviews at the beginning of youth service in Study 1 was further complemented and followed up in Study 2 with registry data on education and recidivism 24 months after starting their sentence. Studies 3 and 4 were based on in-depth interviews with nine adolescent females who started their sentence between 2012–2013 in one of two major cities in Sweden. The results confirmed the assumption that this group of offenders displayed limited delinquency. Their self-reports in Study 1 showed low involvement in crimes during twelve months prior to youth service, which was similar to the reporting of a reference group of females in general. Displaying limited delinquency was supported by registry data in Study 2, showing that the majority of the females did not reoffend within two years after being sentenced, as measured by suspicion and conviction rates. However, they did show high educational deficits. This was evident both by high levels of self-reported school problems in Study 1 and final grade point in compulsory and upper secondary school in Study 2. Their educational attainment was lower than adolescent females in general, irrespective of whether they reoffended or not. These findings suggest that although the females were limited in their delinquency, their low levels of education could still put them at risk for suboptimal development. In the interviews, participants ascribed particular importance to peers and family when describing their delinquency. The narratives illustrated how the process of delinquency as it concerned interpersonal relations involved mutually influential exchanges, both contributing to as well as being affected by the delinquency. As such, delinquency was, in Study 3, portrayed as a way to socialize, where delinquent peers were considered important for committing crimes, and pro-social peers for desisting. Likewise, family relations in Study 4 were given a prominent role in the entire process. Accordingly, delinquency was described as a consequence of the relations to the family, where these were negatively as well as positively affected by the crimes. The collective results indicate that committing crimes for the females may be viewed as part of normative development, in which the quest for independence and establishing ones’ identity can contribute to these behaviors. Practical implications for work with young female offenders are also discussed.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 2019. s. 92
Emneord
female offenders, limited delinquency, adolescence, educational attainment, interpersonal relations, peers, family
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-166492 (URN)978-91-7797-608-0 (ISBN)978-91-7797-609-7 (ISBN)
Disputas
2019-04-26, David Magnussonsalen (U31), Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (svensk)
Opponent
Veileder
Merknad

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-04-03 Laget: 2019-03-14 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-11bibliografisk kontrollert

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