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Birthweight of Babies Born to Migrant Mothers - What Role Do Integration Policies Play?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
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2019 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Birthweights among babies born to migrant women are generally lower than babies born to native-born women. Favourable integration policies may improve migrants' living conditions and contribute to higher birthweights. We explored associations between integration policies, captured by the Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX), with offspring birthweight among migrants from various world regions.Methods: In this cross-country study we pooled 31 million term birth records between 1998 and 2014 from ten OECD countries. Birthweight differences in grams (g) were analysed with regression analysis for aggregate data.Findings: Proportion of births to migrant women varied from 2% in Japan to 28% in Australia. The MIPEX score was not associated with birthweight in most migrant groups, but was positively associated among native-born (mean birthweight difference associated with a 10-unit increase in MIPEX: 105g; 95% CI: 24,186). Birthweight among migrants was highest in the Nordic countries and lowest in Japan and Belgium. Migrants from a given origin had heavier newborns in countries where the mean birthweight of native-born was higher and vice versa. Mean birthweight differences between migrants from the same origin and the native-born varied substantially across destinations (70g to 285g).Interpretation: Birthweight among native-born seems to have a pull-effect on the birthweight of migrant groups. The absence of an association between MIPEX scores and birthweight among migrants and the presence of an association among non-migrants suggests that the index reflects broader socioeconomic policies affecting the whole population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
birthweight, migrant, international migration, native-born
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-178321OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-178321DiVA, id: diva2:1388231
Available from: 2020-01-23 Created: 2020-01-23 Last updated: 2020-01-24

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Juarez, Sol P.
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
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  • html
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  • asciidoc
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