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Race and Order: Critical Perspectives on Crime in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8439-1701
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this study questions of crime are used as a means to explore the relation between race and the social order. The aim is to empirically and theoretically expand the criminological understanding of racism as a structural phenomenon. Anchored in critical criminology, and particularly the work of cultural theorist Stuart Hall, the racialization of crime and its consequences is addressed, with a particular focus on the role of ideology and repression. Departing from a Swedish context, local and global power relations associated with the current conjuncture, such as neoliberalism and the colonial legacy of Western powers, are highlighted.

The four articles of the compilation thesis are intended to be read as a unit, but also stand on their own given that they address different dimensions of the social order where conflicts are played out. In the first article, the role of language in the racialization of official crime discourse is explored at the level of metaphors. In the second, attention is turned to why racist imaginaries of crime are contested by established journalists. The third article addresses security measures that target Muslims in the effort to combat terrorism. The fourth article focuses on racial profiling from a more general perspective, investigating stop-and-search practices as well as consequences of the intertwinement of crime and migration control.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Criminology, Stockholm University , 2020. , p. 79
Series
Avhandlingsserie / Kriminologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, ISSN 1404-1820 ; 42
Keywords [en]
Law and order, ideology, repression, racialization of crime, racial profiling, migration control, stop and search, Anti-terrorism measures
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-178968ISBN: 978-91-7911-016-1 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7911-017-8 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-178968DiVA, id: diva2:1392756
Public defence
2020-04-03, hörsal 5, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Accepted.

Available from: 2020-03-11 Created: 2020-02-10 Last updated: 2020-03-13Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. ”Ni är inte välkomna i vårt fina Malmö”: Premisser för samhällsgemenskap i kamp mot organiserad brottslighet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Ni är inte välkomna i vårt fina Malmö”: Premisser för samhällsgemenskap i kamp mot organiserad brottslighet
2015 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 52, no 4, p. 321-340Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

”You are not welcome in our lovely Malmö”: Conditions for belonging in mobilization against organized crime.

Several murders occurred in the Swedish city of Malmo between 2011 and 2012. Against this backdrop, the municipality and the police initiate a public campaign. The aim is to mobilize the city's population against organized crime. In this study the ideology of the initiative is analysed. It is argued that the representation of organized crime as nurtured by the black economy can be read as an example of neoliberal revanchist city agenda, albeit an ambivalent one. The role of groups working in the low-price sphere of the economy becomes that of a threatening projection, while a consumption ideology regulates the boundaries of belonging.

Keywords
belonging, black economy, crime prevention, organized crime, revanchist city
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-126867 (URN)000367767100002 ()
Note

In the printed dissertation Race and Order: Critical Perspectives on Crime in Sweden, this article is translated to English with the title “You are not welcome in our lovely Malmö”: Conditions for belonging in the mobilization against organized crime.

Available from: 2016-02-23 Created: 2016-02-16 Last updated: 2020-02-13Bibliographically approved
2. Contesting Sweden's Chicago: why journalists dispute the crime image of Malmo
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contesting Sweden's Chicago: why journalists dispute the crime image of Malmo
2017 (English)In: Critical Studies in Media Communication, ISSN 1529-5036, E-ISSN 1479-5809, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 206-219Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study I explore the city as a space where images of crime are challenged. Taking the experiences of well-established journalists as my point of departure, I analyze why they dispute the crime image of Malmo, Sweden's third-largest city. I show that my informants perceive that the image of the city is used to criticize notions of the multicultural society. The analysis points to the need to examine the media's role in challenging crime images in relation to race as a fundamental conflict line in society. The act of disputing is produced in opposition to the gaining presence of the extreme right within the political domain. Consequently, I conclude that this can be seen as an act of resistance, while also arguing that it can be complicit in a neoliberal urban agenda.

Keywords
Crime image, journalism, resistance, anti-racism, extreme right
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-144600 (URN)10.1080/15295036.2017.1309056 (DOI)000402973900002 ()
Available from: 2017-06-27 Created: 2017-06-27 Last updated: 2020-02-13Bibliographically approved
3. The Spectrum of Repression: Swedish Muslims' Experiences of Anti-terrorism Measures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Spectrum of Repression: Swedish Muslims' Experiences of Anti-terrorism Measures
2019 (English)In: Critical Criminology, ISSN 1205-8629, E-ISSN 1572-9877, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 451-466Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this qualitative study, I examine, through the lens of repression, Swedish Muslims' experiences of being targeted by authorities in the latter's attempts to prevent terrorism. In an effort to comprehend the full force of this repression-as coercion in its physical and violent sense, but also in its more subtle and consensual forms-I interweave various Marxist and postcolonial perspectives. The study discusses internal aspects of repression, as well as its external qualities, expanding our understanding of how repression occurs between bodies and within society. I develop the concept of repressive consent as a means of grasping situations in which people are influenced to undertake activities against their will. Empirically, the article focuses on experiences of disproportionate security controls and encounters with the Swedish Security Service (Sapo). The material reveals both painful and everyday consequences. For some individuals, becoming a target in the War on Terror may have, as the informants of the study indicate, devastating consequences; for others, it may feel like a friendly chat.

National Category
Other Social Sciences Sociology
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-176761 (URN)10.1007/s10612-019-09462-8 (DOI)000496565500004 ()
Available from: 2019-12-11 Created: 2019-12-11 Last updated: 2020-02-13Bibliographically approved
4. Racial profiling in the racial welfare state: Examining the order of policing in the Nordic region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Racial profiling in the racial welfare state: Examining the order of policing in the Nordic region
(English)In: Article in journal (Other academic) Accepted
Abstract [en]

This article builds on two interview studies on racial profiling conducted in Finland and Sweden. It examines policing practices in order to elaborate on the understanding of what we define as the “racial welfare state”. The analysis draws attention to the ways that bordering practices reproduce racial orders, within and beyond the nationstate. The embeddedness of the Nordic region in the Western sphere, with its colonial legacies, is highlighted through the empirical material that focuses on the consequences of internal and external migration controls, as well as more general police stop-and-search practices. The study underlines the need to investigate racial profiling as a practice that enforces an imagined community based not on whiteness in general, but on Nordic whiteness in particular as the norm against which the bodies of ‘others’ are measured.

Keywords
Racial profiling, racial state, Nordic welfare model, whiteness
National Category
Other Social Sciences Sociology
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-178966 (URN)
Available from: 2020-02-10 Created: 2020-02-10 Last updated: 2020-03-13Bibliographically approved

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