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Transient Diffusive Interactions with a Protein Crowder Affect Aggregation Processes of Superoxide Dismutase 1 β-Barrel
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
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Number of Authors: 72021 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 125, no 10, p. 2521-2532Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aggregate formation of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) inside motor neurons is known as a major factor in onset of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The thermodynamic stability of the SOD1 beta-barrel has been shown to decrease in crowded environments such as inside a cell, but it remains unclear how the thermodynamics of crowding-induced protein destabilization relate to SOD1 aggregation. Here we have examined the effects of a protein crowder, lysozyme, on fibril aggregate formation of the SOD1 beta-barrel. We found that aggregate formation of SOD1 is decelerated even in mildly crowded solutions. Intriguingly, transient diffusive interactions with lysozyme do not significantly affect the static structure of the SOD1 beta-barrel but stabilize an alternative excited invisible state. The net effect of crowding is to favor species off the aggregation pathway, thereby explaining the decelerated aggregation in the crowded environment. Our observations suggest that the intracellular environment may have a similar negative (inhibitory) effect on fibril formation of other amyloidogenic proteins in living cells. Deciphering how crowded intracellular environments affect aggregation and fibril formation of such disease-associated proteins will probably become central in understanding the exact role of aggregation in the etiology of these enigmatic diseases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. Vol. 125, no 10, p. 2521-2532
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Chemical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-192034DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.0c11162ISI: 000631402000007PubMedID: 33657322OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-192034DiVA, id: diva2:1543344
Available from: 2021-04-11 Created: 2021-04-11 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Iwakawa, NaotoMorimoto, DaichiLeeb, SarahDanielsson, Jens

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