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Drinking and acquisition of unrecorded alcohol across educational groups in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5746-7723
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6114-4436
2022 (English)In: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 160-170Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: It is estimated that 18.5% of total alcohol consumption in Sweden in 2018 was unrecorded. However, little is known about the socio-economic profile of consumers of unrecorded alcohol. The aim of this study was to elucidate this issue by analysing data from a unique Swedish national repeated cross-sectional alcohol use survey.

Methods: Individual-level information on alcohol consumption and socio-economic status (SES) for the years 2013–2018 was retrieved from the Monitoring Project; a nationally representative monthly alcohol use survey. The analytical sample comprised 64 375 respondents aged 25–74 years. SES was measured by educational level. We used three educational groups: (i) low (<10 years); (ii) intermediate (10–12 years); and (iii) high (13+ years). We included indicators of the following sources of unrecorded alcohol consumption: travellers' import, smuggled alcohol, home production, internet and illicit home-distilling. We estimated adjusted SES-specific means of the various forms of unrecorded consumption. The means were adjusted for the effects of age, sex and region.

Results: There were no significant educational differences in the total of unrecorded alcohol consumption; the same holds true for home-production and internet. However, with respect to smuggled and home-distilling, a statistically significant educational gradient was observed with the lowest educational group scoring approximately four times higher than the highest.

Discussion and Conclusions: Our findings suggest that there are no differences across educational groups in the consumption of unrecorded alcohol as a whole. However, consumption of smuggled alcohol and illicitly distilled spirits is elevated in the low educational group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 41, no 1, p. 160-170
Keywords [en]
unrecorded alcohol, Sweden, education, socio-economic status
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-193676DOI: 10.1111/dar.13304OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-193676DiVA, id: diva2:1560818
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2017-01769Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2017-01769Available from: 2021-06-04 Created: 2021-06-04 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Norström, ThorLandberg, JonasTrolldal, Björn

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