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Overall health impacts of a potential increase in cycle commuting in Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science. SLB, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8459-9852
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Number of Authors: 82022 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 50, no 5, p. 552-564Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: To estimate the overall health impact of transferring commuting trips from car to bicycle. Methods: In this study registry information on the location of home and work for residents in Stockholm County was used to obtain the shortest travel route on a network of bicycle paths and roads. Current modes of travel to work were based on travel survey data. The relation between duration of cycling and distance cycled was established as a basis for selecting the number of individuals that normally would drive a car to work, but have a distance to work that they could bicycle within 30 minutes. The change in traffic flows was estimated by a transport model (LuTrans) and effects on road traffic injuries and fatalities were estimated by using national hospital injury data. Effects on air pollution concentrations were modelled using dispersion models. Results: Within the scenario, 111,000 commuters would shift from car to bicycle. On average the increased physical activity reduced the one-year mortality risk by 12% among the additional bicyclists. Including the number of years lost due to morbidity, the total number of disability adjusted life-years gained was 696. The amount of disability adjusted life-years gained in the general population due to reduced air pollution exposure was 471. The number of disability adjusted life-years lost by traffic injuries was 176. Also including air pollution effects among bicyclists, the net benefit was 939 disability adjusted life-years per year. Conclusions: Large health benefits were estimated by transferring commuting by car to bicycle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 50, no 5, p. 552-564
Keywords [en]
Scenario, transport, bicycling, physical activity, air pollution, traffic injuries, health impact assessment, DALY
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-195108DOI: 10.1177/14034948211010024ISI: 000651176800001PubMedID: 33977822Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85105938732OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-195108DiVA, id: diva2:1583295
Available from: 2021-08-05 Created: 2021-08-05 Last updated: 2022-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, Christer

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