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Changes in the Price of Alcohol and Effect on Youth Drinking and in Different Socio-Economic Groups
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences. Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Number of Authors: 32021 (English)In: Alcohol and Alcoholism, ISSN 0735-0414, E-ISSN 1464-3502, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 475-481Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: Many studies have shown that changes in alcohol prices have a significant effect on total sales. However, few studies have focused on youth, particularly in different socioeconomic groups. This study examined the effect of changes in the price of alcohol on consumption levels and binge drinking among 15 to 16 year old students in Sweden, both overall, among boys and girls, as well as within different socioeconomic groups.

Methods: Data on consumption were retrieved from a representative survey of students aged 15-16, conducted annually between 1989 and 2017. Time series analysis employed an autoregressive integrated moving average model (ARIMA). Two types of price data were used: the official price at the retail stores, and the mean price of the ten cheapest beverages in each category. The mean aggregate annual income per Swedish household was included as a control variable.

The variable used to measure the socioeconomic status was the proportion of the ninth-grade students at each school, who had at least one parent with an education higher than upper secondary school.

Results: The students' alcohol consumption levels and binge drinking were not significantly affected by price changes during the study period; this was true both for the group as a whole, and among subgroups of boys or girls or of different socioeconomic status. Results were similar regardless of which type of price data variable was used in the analyses.

Conclusion: Neither average nor minimum price of alcohol had a significant impact on the development of youth drinking in Sweden during the study period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. Vol. 56, no 4, p. 475-481
Keywords [en]
ethanol, adolescent, alcohol drinking, beverages, income, socioeconomic factors, binge drinking
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-196498DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agaa114ISI: 000672760500013PubMedID: 33215195OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-196498DiVA, id: diva2:1594357
Available from: 2021-09-15 Created: 2021-09-15 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Landberg, JonasRamstedt, Mats

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