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Tracing colophonium in consumer products
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2981-3617
Number of Authors: 32021 (English)In: Contact Dermatitis, ISSN 0105-1873, E-ISSN 1600-0536, Vol. 85, no 6, p. 671-678Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Colophonium (rosin) can cause allergic contact dermatitis, mainly due to autoxidation of abietic acid (AbA). Products containing >= 0.1% colophonium should be labeled with EUH208 - Contains rosin; colophony. May produce an allergic reaction. How should this be measured?

Objective: To compare the results from different strategies for estimating colophonium levels in consumer products: (a) from AbA, and (b) the sum of all major resin acids. To investigate the ratio of 7-oxodehydroabietic acid (7-O-DeA)/AbA as indication of autoxidation.

Methods: Resin acids were extracted from consumer products, derivatized, and then separated by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS).

Results: Resin acids were detected in 9 of 15 products. No product contained colophonium >= 0.1%. Estimation based on AbA resulted in underestimation of the colophonium levels in four of nine products. For three products, the obtained levels from this strategy were only one of two compared to when estimating from the sum of all resin acids. The ratio 7-O-DeA/AbA varied from 74% to 1.4%.

Conclusions: We propose to measure colophonium based on the sum of all detectable major resin acids, including 7-O-DeA. The ratio of 7-O-DeA/AbA should be used as a marker of autoxidation, indicating an increased risk of sensitization. The presented analytical method is simple to use and suitable for further screening studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. Vol. 85, no 6, p. 671-678
Keywords [en]
chemical analysis, colophonium, consumer products, regulation, resin acids, rosin [CASno. 8050-09-7]
National Category
Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-196874DOI: 10.1111/cod.13944ISI: 000682772600001PubMedID: 34291483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-196874DiVA, id: diva2:1595148
Available from: 2021-09-17 Created: 2021-09-17 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Albadr, Mhd-HussamNilsson, Ulrika

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