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The good and the BAT of metabolic sex differences in thermogenic human adipose tissue
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0358-3865
Number of Authors: 22021 (English)In: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, ISSN 0303-7207, E-ISSN 1872-8057, Vol. 533, article id 111337Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Thermogenic adipose tissue, which comprises classical brown and beige adipose tissue, has the ability to improve systemic metabolism. Its identification in adult humans has fostered extensive investigations on the therapeutic value to counteract obesity and metabolic disorders. Sex and gender differences of human thermogenic adipose tissue, however, are still understudied despite their importance for personalized treatment options. Here, we review studies reporting human sex differences of thermogenic adipose tissue and related potential improvements of systemic energy metabolism. An increasing body of evidence suggests higher prevalence, mass and activity of thermogenic adipose tissue in women, but the consequences for metabolic disease progression and mechanisms are largely unknown. Therefore, we also discuss observations on sex-specific adipose metabolism in experimental mouse and rat studies that may assist to establish molecular mechanisms and instruct future investigations in humans.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. Vol. 533, article id 111337
Keywords [en]
Sex, Gender, Adipose tissue, WAT, BAT, Obesity, Metabolism, Mitochondria, UCP1, Adipocytes
National Category
Biological Sciences Endocrinology and Diabetes
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-197039DOI: 10.1016/j.mce.2021.111337ISI: 000671875800006PubMedID: 34062167OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-197039DiVA, id: diva2:1597616
Available from: 2021-09-27 Created: 2021-09-27 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Keuper, MichaelaJastroch, Martin

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