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Do good psychosocial working conditions prolong working lives? Findings from a prospective study in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7740-4634
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8433-2405
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8806-5698
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Number of Authors: 52022 (English)In: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 19, p. 677-688Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Due to an ageing population, governments in European countries are striving to keep older workers longer in the workforce. Remarkably few studies have paid attention to the influence of psychosocial working conditions on timing of retirement for older workers in and beyond normative retirement age. The aim of the present study was to examine whether good psychosocial working conditions contribute to prolonged working lives among older workers (59 years and above). A particular question was whether such conditions increase in importance with age. Seven waves (2006-2018) of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) were used (N = 6000, observations = 10,632). Discrete-time event history analyses showed that higher levels of job resources (decision authority [OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.06-1.22], skill use [OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.07-1.29], learning opportunities [OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.13-1.31], social support [OR 1.29 (95% CI 1.16-1.42], work-time control [OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.01-1.13], and reward [OR 1.40, 95% CI 1.24-1.57])-but not lower levels of job demands (quantitative and emotional demands or effort)-were associated with working longer (continued work two years later). Also, low effort-reward imbalance (OR 0.84 [95% CI 0.73-0.96]) was associated with working longer. In addition, skill use, work-time control, reward, and low effort-reward imbalance increased in importance with age for continued work. These results suggest that providing older workers with control over their work tasks, giving opportunities for learning and using their skills, as well as rewarding and acknowledging their achievements, may keep them in the workforce longer. Especially, job resources may grow in importance with age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2022. Vol. 19, p. 677-688
Keywords [en]
retirement timing, psychosocial working conditions, job resources, prolong working life
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-200523DOI: 10.1007/s10433-021-00672-0ISI: 000731388200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85121374880OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-200523DiVA, id: diva2:1626415
Note

Open access funding provided by Stockholm University. This work was supported by Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (FORTE) [Grant Number 2019-01120]. Data collection was supported by the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (FORTE) through the Stockholm Stress Center (Grant 2009-1758), the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (Grant 2005-0734), and the Swedish Research Council (VR; Grant 2009-06192, 2013-01645, 2015-06013, and 2017-00624).

Available from: 2022-01-11 Created: 2022-01-11 Last updated: 2022-09-16Bibliographically approved

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Stengård, JohannaLeineweber, ConstanzeWesterlund, HugoWang, Hui-Xin

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