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Semi-natural habitats in the European boreal region: Caught in the socio-ecological extinction vortex?
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Number of Authors: 62022 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 51, no 8, p. 1753-1763Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We propose to consider semi-natural habitats—hotspots for biodiversity—being caught in a socio-ecological extinction vortex, similar to the phenomenon described for species threatened with extinction. These habitats are essentially socioecological systems, in which socioeconomic drivers are interlinked with ecological processes. We identify four highly interlinked and mutually reinforcing socio-economic processes, pertaining to the importance of semi-natural habitats for (i) agricultural production, (ii) policy, research and development; (iii) vocational education in the fields of agricultural sciences and (iv) public’s experiences with semi-natural habitats. Evidence from six countries in the boreal region demonstrates that recent slowing down or even reversal of two processes are insufficient to stop the extinction vortex phenomenon. We suggest research directions to ascertain the phenomenon, monitor its development and develop proactive actions to weaken the vortex. It is highly plausible that interventions directed at most, if not all, of the key vortex processes are needed to reverse the overall deteriorating trends of a socio-ecological system. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 51, no 8, p. 1753-1763
Keywords [en]
Agriculture, Biodiversity, Conservation, Farmland, Socio-ecological systems
National Category
Other Social Sciences Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-203016DOI: 10.1007/s13280-022-01705-3ISI: 000754336100002PubMedID: 35150395Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85124662166OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-203016DiVA, id: diva2:1646228
Available from: 2022-03-21 Created: 2022-03-21 Last updated: 2022-08-04Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, Ove

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