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Teaching Eye Contact to Children With Autism Through Parent Training Via Telehealth: Using Shaping Without Prompting in Social Play
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2842-9234
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3892-2794
2022 (English)In: 48th Annual Convention, Association for Behavior Analysis International, May 26-30, Boston, 2022Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Deficits in eye contact are a common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) which has been found to negatively affect learning opportunities. Previous research has shown shaping without prompting to be effective in teaching eye contact to children diagnosed with ASD (Fonger & Malott, 2019). The current collaborative study between Behavioral Momentum, India, and Stockholm University, Sweden, evaluated the effects of a shaping procedure, implemented by parents trained and supervised via telehealth, to teach two preschool-aged children with ASD to make eye contact in naturalistic social play interactions. A multiple baseline design across settings was used. For each child, eye contact was taught in three different child-preferred play settings where the parent was a necessary component. The target behavior, eye contact, was divided into five successive learning phases. Both children acquired eye contact for a duration of 1 to 2 seconds across several settings without direct prompting. Results suggested a high degree of social validity, as measured by the participating parents' self-reports as well as indices of happiness observed in the two children. Furthermore, this study confirms that when cultural aspects are taken into consideration telehealth can be used to train and supervise parents across geographical regions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022.
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Special Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-206644OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-206644DiVA, id: diva2:1673352
Conference
48th Annual Convention, Association for Behavior Analysis International, May 26-30, 2022, Boston, USA
Note

Paper Session #567.

Available from: 2022-06-20 Created: 2022-06-20 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Strömberg, DagRoll-Pettersson, Lise

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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