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Fathers' alcohol consumption and risk of substance-related disorders in offspring
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6156-3964
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6114-4436
Number of Authors: 42022 (English)In: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, ISSN 0376-8716, E-ISSN 1879-0046, Vol. 233, article id 109354Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Few studies have assessed how children are affected by parental alcohol consumption without clinically diagnosed alcohol problems, especially in relation to more long-term and severe consequences. The aim is to investigate how fathers’ alcohol use is related to the risk for substance-related disorders in offspring.

Method: A prospective cohort study of 64 710 Swedish citizens whose fathers were conscripted for compulsory military training at ages 18–20 in 1969/70. Information on fathers’ alcohol consumption, frequency of intoxication and apprehended for drunkenness, was collected during conscription. Offspring was followed for substance-related disorders from age 12 to end of follow up in 2009.

Results: All measures of fathers’ alcohol use were significantly and positively associated with risk for substance-related disorders in offspring. The associations were to a large extent explained by other risk factors in childhood. In the fully adjusted model, those with fathers in the highest alcohol consumption quintile still had a 63% higher risk (HR=1.63 CI 1.26–2.12) of substance-related disorders compared to those whose fathers’ reported abstinence. The highest risk was found among offspring to fathers with alcohol-related disorders or that had been apprehended for drunkenness, with a more than two-fold increased risk for substance-related disorders.

Conclusions: Despite the lower risk found among offspring to fathers with sub-clinical drinking when compared to those with alcohol-related disorders, the former group accounts for a much larger proportion of all cases of substance-related disorders in the population, prompting universal prevention efforts targeting the level of total alcohol consumption in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 233, article id 109354
Keywords [en]
Harm to others, Alcohol-related harm, Parental alcohol use, Offspring negative outcome
National Category
Substance Abuse
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-207617DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2022.109354ISI: 000820115200017PubMedID: 35193083Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85124739081OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-207617DiVA, id: diva2:1685224
Available from: 2022-08-02 Created: 2022-08-02 Last updated: 2022-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Hemmingsson, TomasLandberg, Jonas

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