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Reasons Not to Drink Alcohol among 9th Graders in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8963-1743
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences. Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Sweden; Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1679-3506
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2022 (English)In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 57, no 11, p. 1747-1750Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM Alcohol is one of the leading contributors to the disease burden among young people. Drinking motives are one of the strongest factors influencing drinking behaviors among youth, yet we know little about reasons for why young people do not drink. The aim of the present study is to examine reasons for not drinking in a nationally representative sample of Swedish youth.

DATA AND METHODS Data from a survey of a nationally representative sample of students in year 9 (15-16 years old) was used. Data was collected in 2017 and the total sample comprise 5549 respondents. Ten items measured reasons not to drink alcohol. Comparisons were made between drinkers and nondrinkers in endorsement of the reasons for not drinking. A multivariable logistic regression model was fitted to examine the relative importance of the different reasons.

RESULTS That alcohol is bad for health and parents disapproval of drinking was the most commonly endorsed reasons both among drinkers and nondrinkers. The multivariable analysis showed that the strongest association with being a nondrinker was found for “Alcohol tastes horrible” (OR 2.995), “I have religious reasons for not drinking” (OR 2.775), “People who drink lose control in an unpleasant way” (OR 2.460) and “Drinking is too likely to lead to serious accidents” (OR 2.458).

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS Harm avoidance and religious reasons are the most important reasons not to drink among Swedish youth. Future research should examine how different reasons predict abstinence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 57, no 11, p. 1747-1750
Keywords [en]
alcohol, not drinking, youth, Sweden, reasons
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-207833DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2022.2102189ISI: 000840028200001PubMedID: 35959542Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85136009443OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-207833DiVA, id: diva2:1687236
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareAvailable from: 2022-08-15 Created: 2022-08-15 Last updated: 2022-09-13Bibliographically approved

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Karlsson, PatrikSvensson, JohanLarm, Peter

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