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“There’s a lot of stereotypes going on”: A cross-national qualitative analysis of the place of gender in declining youth drinking
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2473-6330
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2022 (English)In: International journal of drug policy, ISSN 0955-3959, E-ISSN 1873-4758, Vol. 108, article id 103827Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Significant declines in drinking among young people have been recorded in many high-income countries over the past 20 years. This analysis explored the role of gender – which we interpret as socially constructed and relational – to provide insight into whether and how gender might be implicated in declining youth drinking.

Methods: Interview data from four independent qualitative studies from Australia, Denmark, Sweden and the UK (n=194; participants aged 15-19 years) were analysed by researchers in each country following agreement about analytical focus. Findings were collated by the lead author in a process of ‘qualitative synthesis’ which involved successive rounds of data synthesis and feedback from the broader research team.

Findings: Our analysis raised two notable points in relation to the role of gender in declining youth drinking. The first concerned the consistency and vehemence across three of the countries at which drinkers and states of intoxication were pejoratively described in gendered terms (e.g., bitchy, sleazy). The second related to the opportunities non- and light-drinking offered for expressing alternate and desirable configurations of femininities and masculinities.

Conclusions: We identified an intolerance towards regressive constructions of gender that emphasise weakness for women and strength for men and a valorisation of gendered expressions of maturity through controlled drinking. Though subtle differences in gendered drinking practices between and within countries were observed, our findings offer insight into how young people’s enactions of gender are embedded in, and evolve alongside, these large declines in youth drinking.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 108, article id 103827
Keywords [en]
Alcohol, Non-drinking, Young people, Gender, Cross-national
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Public Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-208040DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2022.103827ISI: 000945268900014PubMedID: 35985206Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85135884001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-208040DiVA, id: diva2:1688058
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016–00313Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2020-00457Available from: 2022-08-17 Created: 2022-08-17 Last updated: 2024-05-28Bibliographically approved

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Törrönen, JukkaSamuelsson, Eva

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Pennay, AmyTörrönen, JukkaFenton, LauraCaluzzi, GabrielFrank, Vibeke A.Samuelsson, EvaHolmes, John
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Department of Public Health SciencesDepartment of Social Work
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International journal of drug policy
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

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