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Beyond the Drinker: Alcohol's Hidden Costs in 2016 in Australia
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD). La Trobe University, Australia.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5618-385x
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Number of Authors: 62022 (English)In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1937-1888, E-ISSN 1938-4114, Vol. 83, no 4, p. 512-524Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Drawing on a study of the range and mag-nitude of harms that alcohol caused to specific others in Australia, and on social and health agency statistics for collective costs, this article produces an analysis of the economic cost of alcohol's harm to others (AHTO) in Australia. Method: This study used a general population survey and routinely collected social response agencies' data to quantify different costs of AHTO, using methods consistent with International Guidelines for Estimating the Costs of Substance Abuse. This approach estimates costs for health care and social services, crime costs, costs of productivity loss, quality of life-year loss and other expenses, including both tangible costs (direct and indirect) and intangible costs of loss of quality of life (respondents' self-reported loss of health-related quality of life). Results: The cost of AHTO in Australia was AUD$19.81 bil-lion (95% CI [11.99, 28.34]), with tangible costs accounting for 58% of total costs ($11.45 billion, which is 0.68% of gross domestic product in 2016) and intangible costs of $8.36 billion. The costs to private individu-als or households ($18.1 billion and 89% of total costs of AHTO) are greater than the costs to the government or society because of others' drinking in Australia. Conclusions: This study presents an estimation of the economic cost of harm from others' drinking. The economic costs from others' drinking are large and of much the same magnitude as the costs that drinkers impose on themselves, as found in previous studies. Preventing harm to others from drinking is important as a public health goal for both economic and humane reasons. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 83, no 4, p. 512-524
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Substance Abuse Sociology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-208220DOI: 10.15288/jsad.2022.83.512ISI: 000830526800007PubMedID: 35838428Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85134580689OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-208220DiVA, id: diva2:1690391
Available from: 2022-08-25 Created: 2022-08-25 Last updated: 2022-08-25Bibliographically approved

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