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Polygonal Columns: Unfinished Construction or Inexpensive Fashion in Hellenistic Times?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Classical Archaeology and Ancient History.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1769-4128
2022 (English)In: Unfertigkeit in antiker Architektur Definitionen und Ursachen: Beiträge einer Sektion des Neunzehnten Internationalen Kongresses für Klassische Archöologie in Köln und Bonn / [ed] Frank Rumscheid; Natalia Toma-Kansteiner, Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft Philipp von Zabern , 2022, p. 39-47Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Twenty-sided polygonal columns were incorporated in the Pergamene architecture, a style developed when Eumenes II and his successors monumentalized the capital of their shortly before expanded kingdom in the second century. There were earlier faceted columns in unfinished buildings at Pergamon, whereas finished polygonal columns appear in the Aegean islands at least from the third century onwards in the Doric order, as Vitruvius confirms. The polygonal columns  of the Aegean, the earlier unfinished faceted columns in Pergamon and the lack of proper stone for construction altogether inspired the use of the new shaft shape, the polygonal column, which was easily produced from the local andesite and a quicker economical choice. Therefore, the polygonal column became an inexpensive fashion for a short period of time.

Abstract [de]

Zwanzigseitige polygonale Säulen wurden ein Element der pergamenischen Architektur, als Eumenes II und seine Nachfolger die Hauptstadt ihres kurz vorher erweiterten Königreichs im zweiten vorchristlichen Jahrhundert monumentalisierten. Frühe facettierte Säulen gibt es in unvollendeten Gebäuden in Pergamon, fertige polygonale Säulen tauchen auf den Ägäischen Inseln spätestens im dritten vorchristlichen Jahrhundert in der dorischen Ordnung auf, wie Vitruv bestätigt. Beides lieferte wichtige Anregungen, um den in Pergamon lokal vorhandenen und damit günstigen Andesit, der als Baumaterial kaum feine Ausarbeitung zu-lässt, effizient zu solchen polygonalen Säulen zu verarbeiten, die daher für eine begrenzte Zeit lokal in Mode kamen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft Philipp von Zabern , 2022. p. 39-47
Series
Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn ; 61
National Category
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
Research subject
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-210906ISBN: 978-3-8053-5364-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-210906DiVA, id: diva2:1707423
Available from: 2022-10-31 Created: 2022-10-31 Last updated: 2024-02-22Bibliographically approved

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Emanuelsson-Paulson, Therese

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